Department of Biological Sciences

Main Departmental Office

Biological Sciences Building, 209

P.O. Box 305220

Denton, TX 76203-5220

(940) 565-2011

Undergraduate Advising Office

Biological Sciences Building, 205

(940) 565-3627

Fax: (940) 565-3821

Earl G. Zimmerman, Chair

Faculty

Professors Atkinson, Beitinger, Burggren, Dickson, Donahue, Fitzpatrick, Fuchs, Goven, Gross, Kennedy, Kunz, La Point, Masaracchia, Norton, O'Donovan, Pirtle, Saleh, Schafer, Stewart, Waller, Zimmerman. Associate Professors Benjamin, Chapman, Schwark, Sinclair, Smith, Tam. Visiting Associate Professor Gill-King. Assistant Professors Crawford, Doyle, Farinha, Root. Lecturer White.

Introduction

Modern biology encompasses the study of all aspects of living systems from the molecular basis of genetic inheritance to the interactions between organisms and the environment. The mission of the Department of Biological Sciences is to provide quality education leading to bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in biology, environmental biology, biochemistry and allied health sciences. A vital component of that mission is scholarly activity, and faculty in the department conduct relevant basic and applied research and provide professional expertise and service to local, state and national constituencies. Central to our mission is quality teaching, and faculty engage in instructional development to enhance their abilities to train professionals who will have the most up-to-date skills and professional ethics for meeting the demands of a technological society. Our success is measured by the success of our students and the quality of our intellectual contributions to the improvement of society.

Preprofessional Programs

See "Preprofessional Programs" in the College of Arts and Sciences section of this catalog.

Programs of Study

The department offers undergraduate and graduate programs in the following areas:

Recommended four-year undergraduate courses of study are listed in this catalog. Additional copies are available in the Undergraduate Advising Office, Room 205 of the Biological Sciences Building.

Students seeking teacher certification in secondary education should consult with advisers in both the College of Education and the Department of Biological Sciences. A 2.75 cumulative grade point average is required in the teaching field to enter the certification program. The use of the term "advanced" as applied to courses means any upper-division (3000- or 4000- level) course.

Bachelor of Arts

Major in Biology Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 129 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor of Arts degree as specified in the "General University Requirements " in the Academics section of this catalog and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements.

2. Major Requirements: 34 hours in the biological sciences, of which 19 must be advanced, including: BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730 and 1720/1740 or 1722/1740; 2040; 2140; plus 19 hours of advanced biology, of which 16 must be with laboratory (BIOL 3350/3360 or 3450 is recommended).

3. Other Course Requirements: PHYS 1410/1430, 1420/1440; MATH 1710 (1650 prerequisite) or equivalent.

4. Minor Requirements: A minor in chemistry with a minimum of 20 hours, including CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430; 1420/1440 or 1423/1440; 2370/3210; 2380/3220 or equivalent; plus 4 advanced hours chosen from CHEM 3450, CHEM 3530 or BIOC 3620. Premedical and pre-dental students are advised to substitute both BIOC 4540 and 4550 for BIOC 3620.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: Minimum of 71 hours in the division of sciences, of which 25 must be advanced. A minimum 2.5 grade point average must be maintained on all advanced courses in the division of sciences. By selecting upper-division elective courses from a subdiscipline, it is possible for the BA student to establish, unofficially, an area of study in ecology, microbiology, animal physiology/cell and molecular biology/genetics, or the plant sciences. Please consult with the undergraduate advising office, Room 205 of the Biology Building, for further information.

Bachelor of Science in Biology

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 131 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor's degree as specified in the "General University Requirement s" in the Academics section of this catalog and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements.

Students may complete either of two options to satisfy the College of Arts and Sciences foreign language requirement:

Option I: Complete two semesters of foreign language at the 2000 level or pass appropriate proficiency exam(s) as specified by the College of Arts and Sciences.

Option II: Complete four math or science classes (a minimum of 12 hours). A student who wishes to fulfill the foreign language requirement by Option II must first be counseled by an undergraduate adviser of the Department of Biological Sciences and must obtain written approval of Option II for inclusion in the student's degree plan. This approval must include a specific listing of each course to be taken to fulfill the option. All courses approved must contribute in a logical and significant fashion to the student's academic preparation for a stated professional school or career goal. No course substitutions from an approved Option II plan will be allowed without prior written approval from the department.

All courses must be appropriate for majors within the department that offers them. Normal limitations for undergraduate enrollment in graduate classes will still apply. Other requirements are specified below:

2. Major Requirements: A major of 43 hours in the biological sciences, of which 28 must be advanced. Required courses: BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730, 1720/1740 or 1722/1740, 2040, 2140, 3450 and 3510/3520, plus 20 advanced hours of which 12 must be with laboratory.

General biology, premedical and pre-dental students in consultation with an undergraduate adviser should select the 20 advanced hours from the following: BIOL 3000, 3050, 3370, 3380, 3800/3810, 4070, 4090, 4110, 4200, 4250, 4300, 4420, 4480, 4500, 4530/4540, 4570/4580, 4600, 4750/4760.

By selecting upper-division biology courses from a subdiscipline, it is possible for the BS student to establish, unofficially, an area of study in ecology, microbiology, animal physiology/neuroscience, cell and molecular biology/genetics, or the plant sciences. The subdisciplines of microbiology, botany, ecology and
neuroscience have been defined with the courses listed below. Please consult with the undergraduate advising secretary in Room 205 of the Biological Sciences Building for further information.

3. Other Course Requirements: PHYS 1410/1430, 1420/1440; MATH 1710 (1650 prerequisite) or equivalent.

4. Minor Requirements: A minor in chemistry with a minimum of 20 hours, including CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430; 1420/1440 or 1423/1440; 2370/3210; 2380/3220 or equivalent, plus 4 advanced hours chosen from CHEM 3450, 3530 or BIOC 3620. Premedical and pre-dental students are advised to substitute both BIOC 4540 and 4550 for BIOC 3620.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: A minimum of 76 hours in the division of sciences, of which 34 must be advanced. A minimum 2.5 grade point average must be maintained on all advanced courses in the division of sciences.

Bachelor of Science

Major in Cytotechnology

The Department of Biological Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science with a major in Cytotechnology in affiliation with the Mayo School of Health-Related Sciences in Rochester, Minnesota, University Hospital School of Cytotechnology in San Antonio, and the University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, all of which are approved by the American Medical Association.

Students complete a minimum of 95 semester hours at UNT (prior to entering clinical training) and a minimum of 12 months of clinical training (for a minimum of 39 semester hours) at any American Medical Association-approved school of cytotechnology to complete the degree.

Upon graduation, students are eligible to take national examinations given by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP). The ASCP examination is given annually in August at multiple testing centers. Upon passing the registry examination, the student is considered a certified cytotechnologist. The awarding of the degree is not contingent upon students' passing the national board examination.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 134 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor's degree as specified in the "General University Requirements " in the Academics section of this catalog and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements.

2. Major Requirements: Satisfactory completion of a minimum of 12 months of professional training at an approved cytotechnology school as verified by an official transcript sent to the UNT cytotechnology program director. The transcript is evaluated by the director, who recommends to the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Registrar that a minimum of 39 hours of credit be granted for the completed professional training. These hours are exempt from the UNT residency requirement.

3. Other Course Requirements: Completion of the following preprofessional requirements before clinical training with a minimum GPA of 2.5 for upper-division courses in the division of sciences:

BIOL 1720/1740 or 1722/1740, 2040, 2360, 2370, 3350, 3600 and 4090. 27 hours.

CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430, 1420/1440 or 1423/1440 and 3600. 12 hours.

MATH 1680.

MGMT 3720.

ECON 4180.

EDSE 4840

PSYC 1630. 3 hours. ( PSYC 1630 also will satisfy Social and Behavioral Sciences requirement of the University Core Curriculum.)

ENGL 2700.

Professional training courses at an approved school of cytotechnology. Minimum of 39 hours.

4. Minor Requirements: None.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: Submission to the program director of a transcript evaluation request, including the name(s) of cytotechnology school(s) where the student is applying.

Filing, in the program director's office before leaving campus, the name of an accredited cytotechnology school to be attended.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology

The Department of Biological Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology in affiliation with the following schools of clinical laboratory science (medical technology) that are approved by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS), in cooperation with the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs:

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Joe Lewis, MD, Medical Director, Christina Thompson, EdD, MT (ASCP) (SBB), Program Director

Hillcrest Baptist Medical Center, Waco, Edwin Morrison, MD, Medical Director, Alisa Petree, MT (ASCP), Program Director

Scott and White, Temple, Daniel J. Ladd, MD, Medical Director, Janet Duban-Engelkirk, EdD, MT (ASCP), Program Director

Tarleton State University at All Saints Hospital, Fort Worth, Clifton Daniel, MD, Medical Director, Karen Murray, MT (ASCP), Program Director

The Methodist Hospital School of Medical Technology, Houston, M. Qasim Ansair, MD, Medical Director, Judy Jobe, BS, MT (ASCP), Program Director

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Jeffrey Terrance, MD, Medical Director, Karen McClure, BS, MT (ASCP) (SBB), Program Director

Wadley Regional Medical Center, Texarkana, Keith Hariston, MD, Medical Director, Joyce Nantze, MT (ASCP), Program Director

United Regional Medical Health Care System (School of Medical Technology), Wichita Falls, John Scott, MD, Medical Director, Carol Mass, MT (ASCP), Program Director

Students complete a minimum of 99 semester hours at UNT (prior to entering clinical training) and a minimum of 12 months of clinical training (for a minimum of 39 semester hours) at any NAACLS-approved school of medical technology to complete the degree.

Upon graduation, students are eligible to take national examinations given by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) and the National Certification Agency (NCA) for Medical Laboratory Personnel. The ASCP examination is administered by computer several times a year, and the NCA examination is in January and July. Upon passing the registry examination (s) the student is considered a certified medical technologist or certified laboratory scientist. The awarding of the degree is not contingent upon students' passing national board examinations. Medical Laboratory Technicians (MLTs) with an associate's degree and who have completed MLT training in a Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation Program may reduce the time required in clinical training by being accepted into a Medical Laboratory Technicians Articulation Program at one of UNT's clinical affiliates.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 138 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor's degree as specified in the "General University Requirements " in the Academics section of this catalog and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements.

2. Major Requirements: Satisfactory completion of a minimum of 12 months of professional training at an approved medical technology school as verified by an official transcript sent to the UNT medical technology program director. The transcript is evaluated by the director who recommends to the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Registrar that a minimum of 39 hours of credit be granted for the completed professional training. These hours are exempt from the UNT residency requirement.

3. Other Course Requirements: BIOL 1720/1740, 2040, 3380, 3800/3810 and 4200; plus three courses to be selected from BIOL 3450, 3510/3520, 3600 or 4090; CHEM 1410 or 1413/1430, 1420 or 1423/1440, 3600 and 3610; BIOC 3620; ENGL 2700; MATH 1680; MGMT 3720. Completion of 12 months of clinical training (for a minimum of 39 semester hours) at any NAACLS-approved school of medical technology to complete the degree.

4. Minor Requirements: Biology.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: A minimum 2.5 grade point average for upper-division courses in the sciences. Submission to the program director of a transcript evaluation request, including the name(s) of medical technology school(s) where the student is applying. Filing, in the program supervisor's office before leaving campus, the name of an accredited medical technology school to be attended.

Bachelor of Arts

Major in Biochemistry

The Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in biochemistry allows a less structured curriculum with more elective options than the Bachelor of Science in biochemistry. Further, it serves as an excellent degree program for those who wish to teach sciences at the high school level in the areas of biochemistry, chemistry and biology. Additionally, the program serves well those who wish to go into medicine, dentistry or other biologically-related professional programs of study.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 128 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor's degree as specified in the "General University Requirements " in the Academics section of this catalog and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements.

2. Major Requirements: Major of 34 hours in biochemistry, of which 18 must be advanced. Required courses: CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430, 1420/1440 or 1423/1440, 2370/3210, 2380/3220, 3450, and 3530; BIOC 2000 (2 semesters), 3620, 4570, and 4580. BIOC 4540, 4550 and 4560 may be substituted for BIOC 3620.

3. Other Course Requirements: MATH 1650 and 1710; PHYS 1410, 1420, 1430 and 1440.

4. Minor Requirements: Minor of 20 hours in biology, including BIOL 3510/3520, plus an additional 16 hours of which a minimum of 8 must be advanced. BIOL 1710/1730 and 1720/1740 are recommended.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: GPA of 2.5 on all advanced courses attempted in the division of sciences.

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry

This professional degree is designed for the students planning careers in biochemistry, medicine, clinical chemistry or other health-related areas of chemistry.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 135 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor's degree as specified in the "General University Requirements " in the Academics section of this catalog and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements.

Students may complete either of two options to satisfy the College of Arts and Sciences foreign language requirement:

Option I: Complete two semesters of foreign language at the 2000 level or pass appropriate proficiency exam(s) as specified by the College of Arts and Sciences.

Option II: Complete four math or science classes (a minimum of 12 hours). A student who wishes to fulfill the foreign language requirement by Option II must first be counseled by an undergraduate biochemistry adviser of the Department of Biological Sciences and must obtain written approval of Option II for inclusion in the student's degree plan. This approval must include a specific listing of each course taken to fulfill the option. All courses approved must contribute in a logical and significant fashion to the student's academic degree preparation for a stated professional school or career goal. No course substitutions from an approved Option II plan will be allowed without prior written approval from the department.

All courses must be appropriate for majors within the department that offers them. Normal limitations for undergraduate enrollment in graduate classes still apply. Other requirements are specified below:

2. Major Requirements: A major of at least 40 hours in chemistry/biochemistry, of which 24 semester hours must be advanced, including CHEM 1410 or 1413/1430, 1420 or 1423/1440, 2370/3210, 2380/3220, 3450, 3510 and 3520; BIOC 2000 (2 semesters), 4540, 4550, 4560, 4570 and 4580.

3. Other Course Requirements: Total of 84 hours in the division of sciences, of which 40 must be advanced, including MATH 1710 and 1720; PHYS 1410/1430, 1420/1440, or 1710/1730, 2220/2240.

4. Minor Requirements: A minor of 20 hours in biology, including BIOL 3450 and 3510/3520, plus 12 hours, of which a minimum of 4 must be advanced. BIOL 1710/1730 and 1720/1740 are recommended.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: GPA of 2.5 on all advanced courses attempted in the division of sciences.

Teacher Certification

Students who expect to teach biology in secondary schools must earn a major and degree in their academic discipline and complete required courses in secondary education. Students must apply for the teach education program in the College of Education in Matthews Hall 105, and meet all course, GPA and state requirements for certification.

Option 1 Single Teaching Field in Biology (43 hours, BS degree only). Teaching Field required courses as listed currently: BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730, 1720/1740 or 1722/1740, 2040, 2140, 3450, 3510/3520 and 3800/3810; one course from 3370, 3380, 4200 or 4570/4580; two courses from 3000, 4000, 4050 or 4420; plus 4 hours from 3170, 4070, 4090, 4110, 4220, 4250, 4260, 4300, 4380, 4480, 4530, 4600, 4750, 4770.

Option 2 First Teaching Field in Biology (34 hours, BA degree only). Teaching Field required courses as listed currently: BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730, 1720/1740 or 1722/1740, 2040, 2140, 3350/3360 or 3450, 3510/3520 or 3800/3810, 3000 or 4000 or 4050 or 4420; one course from 3170, 4070, 4090, 4300; one course from 4110, 4220, 4250, 4260, 4380, 4480, 4530, 4600, 4750 (or any course not taken from the previously listed course options).

Option 2 Second Teaching Field in Biology (24 hours). Teaching Field required courses as listed currently: BIOL 1710/1730, 1720/1740, 2040, 3350/3360 or 3450, 4050; plus four hours from 3000, 3510/3520, 3800/3810, 4000, 4220, 4260, 4480 or 4750.

Minor in Biological Sciences

A minor in the biological sciences can be satisfied by completing the BA core, BIOL 1710/1730, 1720/1740 and 2040, plus 8 hours of upper-division laboratory courses (excluding BIOL 3600, 4900 and 4920) selected in consultation with an adviser in the Department of Biological Sciences.

Graduate Degrees

The department offers degree programs leading to the Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MS) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) with a major in biology; Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy with a major in biochemistry; Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy with a major in environmental science; and Master of Arts and Master of Science with a major in molecular biology. A PhD with a major in molecular biology is offered through the Federation of North Texas Area Universities, of which UNT is a member.

Students may also work on graduate degrees in biological sciences under the supervision of biomedical science faculty members at the UNT Health Science Center at Fort Worth.

Students who intend to proceed with graduate study should take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) during their senior year. For specific information on graduate degree programs, consult the Graduate Catalog.

Courses of Instruction

All courses of Instruction are located in one section at the back of the catalog.

Course and Subject Guide

The "Course and Subject Guide," found in the Courses of Instruction section of this book, serves as a table of contents and provides quick access to subject areas and prefixes.

Major in Biology

Following is one suggested four-year degree plan. Students are encouraged to see their adviser each semester for help with program decisions and enrollment. Students are responsible for meeting all course prerequisites. *See the University Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options. **See Arts and Sciences Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options.

BA with a Major in Biology-HTML

BA with a Major in Biology-PDF

BS in Biology

Following is one suggested four-year degree plan. Students are encouraged to see their adviser each semester for help with program decisions and enrollment. Students are responsible for meeting all course prerequisites. *See the University Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options. **See Arts and Sciences Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options.

BS in Biology-HTML

BS in Biology-PDF

Major in Cytotechnology

Following is one suggested four-year degree plan. Students are encouraged to see their adviser each semester for help with program decisions and enrollment. Students are responsible for meeting all course prerequisites. *See the University Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options. **See Arts and Sciences Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options.

BS with a Major in Cytotechnology-HTML

BS with a Major in Cytotechnology-PDF

BS in Medical Technology

Following is one suggested four-year degree plan. Students are encouraged to see their adviser each semester for help with program decisions and enrollment. Students are responsible for meeting all course prerequisites. *See the University Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options. **See Arts and Sciences Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options.

BS in Medical Technology-HTML

BS in Medical Technology-PDF

Major in Biochemistry

Following is one suggested four-year degree plan. Students are encouraged to see their adviser each semester for help with program decisions and enrollment. Students are responsible for meeting all course prerequisites. *See the University Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options. **See Arts and Sciences Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options.

BA with a Major in Biochemistry-HTML

BA with a Major in Biochemistry-PDF

BS in Biochemistry

Following is one suggested four-year degree plan. Students are encouraged to see their adviser each semester for help with program decisions and enrollment. Students are responsible for meeting all course prerequisites. *See the University Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options. **See Arts and Sciences Core requirements section of this catalog for approved list of course options.

BS in Biochemistry-HTML

BS in Biochemistry-PDF

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