**1050-1060. Descriptive Astronomy.** 3 hours each. (3;1) Planetary and stellar astronomy; techniques of
astronomical measurement; developments related to evolution and systematics of the solar system and the stars. For all students interested
in astronomy. Prerequisite(s): proficiency in algebra.

**1050 (1311). The Solar System.** History of astronomy and the physical properties of the earth, moon, planets and
minor bodies.

**1060 (1312). Stars and the Universe.** Properties of stars and stellar systems and a study of the origin, evolution and
future of the universe.

**1051 (1111)-1061 (1112). Laboratory Sequence for Descriptive Astronomy.** 1 hour each. (0;1)

**1051. The Solar Systems Observations Laboratory.** Outdoor laboratory emphasizes the use of the astronomical
telescope to observe the moon, planets, comets, etc. The indoor laboratories focus on the use of the planetarium and
photographic studies of the moon and planets. This course is designed to accompany PHYS 1050. Prerequisite(s): credit for or
concurrent enrollment in PHYS 1050.

**1061. Stellar Systems Observations Laboratory.** Outdoor laboratory emphasizes the use of the astronomical telescope
to observe the analysis of stellar spectra, globular clusters and their galactic distributions, and classification of galaxies.
This course is designed to accompany PHYS 1060. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in PHYS 1060.

**1210-1220. Physical Science.** 4 hours each. (3;3) Physical science for non-science majors. Designed for the
elementary education major. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1100 or higher and interdisciplinary studies (elementary education) major status.
May not use both PHYS 1210 and 1311 to satisfy a laboratory science requirement.

**1210 (1415).** Principles and applications of mechanics, heat, sound, light, electricity and atomic physics.

**1220 (1417).** Principles and applications of chemistry, geology, astronomy, meteorology and oceanography.

**1251. Science and Technology of Musical Sound.
**3 hours. Sound production; nature of vibrations in percussion, string,
and wind instruments. Sound propagation; sound speed; echoes. Sound intensity, physical and perceived. Sound pitch, physical
and perceived; intervals. Complex sounds; harmonic series. Room acoustics; reverberation time; ideal listening rooms.
Wave phenomena; interference and diffraction. Digital sound recording; musical scales; the human voice. Prerequisite(s):
MATH 1100 or above.

**1271. Science and Technology of Musical Sound Laboratory. **1 hour. (0;3) Companion laboratory to PHYS
1251. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 1251 (may be taken concurrently).

**1311 (1310). Introduction to the World of Physics.** 3 hours. Basic principles and concepts of physics for the
liberal-arts major necessary to the understanding of: our increasingly technological environment and the science on which it is based;
and current ideas concerning the micro world and the universe at large. Topics include: mechanics; properties of matter,
heat; sound; electricity and magnetism; light; and atomic, nuclear and fundamental particle physics. Prerequisite(s): proficiency
in algebra.

**1312. Essential Physics.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Principles and concepts of physics essential to the understanding of modern
technological society by the liberal arts major are examined in their cultural context. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, relativity,
light, electromagnetic theory, atomic physics, quantum mechanics and nuclear physics. Prerequisite(s): concurrent enrollment in
PHYS 1332 and admission to University Honors Program.

**1331 (1110). Introduction to the World of Physics Laboratory.** 1 hour. (0;3) Prerequisite(s): credit for or
concurrent enrollment in PHYS 1311.

**1332. Essential Physics Laboratory.** 1 hour. (0;3) Companion laboratory to PHYS 1312. Prerequisite(s): concurrent or
prior enrollment in PHYS 1312 and admission to University Honors Program.

**1410-1420. General Physics.** 3 hours each. (3;0;1) Non-calculus based physics sequence suitable for life sciences majors
and preprofessional students.

**1410 (1301). General Physics I.** Principles and applications of mechanics, sound and heat. Prerequisite(s): proficiency
in algebra and trigonometry.

**1420 (1302). General Physics II. **Principles and applications of electricity, magnetism, light and atomic
physics. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 1410 or consent of department.

**1430-1440. Laboratory Sequence for General Physics.** 1 hour each. (0;3) Laboratory to accompany the course
sequence 1410-1420.

**1430 (1101). General Physics Laboratory I.** Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in PHYS 1410.

**1440 (1102). General Physics Laboratory II.** Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in PHYS 1420.

**1710-2220-3010. General Technical Physics.** 3 hours each. (3;0;1) Calculus-based physics sequence suitable for
physics, engineering physics, engineering technology, mathematics, computer science and chemistry majors.

**1710 (2325). Mechanics.** Laws of motion; inertia, acceleration, force, energy, momentum and angular
momentum. Rotational and oscillatory motion. Gravitation. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in MATH 1710.

**2220 (2326). Electricity and Magnetism.** Electric fields, dc and ac circuits, magnetic fields and magnetic
induction. Electric and magnetic properties of matter. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 1420 or 1710 and credit for or concurrent enrollment
in MATH 1720.

**3010. Modern Physics.** Relativity, quantum physics, atomic structure, properties of matter and nuclear
physics. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 1420 or 2220, and MATH 1710.

**1730-2240-3030. Laboratory Sequence for General Technical Physics.** 1 hour each. (0;3) Laboratory to accompany
the course sequence 1710-2220-3010.

**1730 (2125). Laboratory in Mechanics.** Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in PHYS 1710.

**2240 (2126). Laboratory in Wave Motion, Electricity, Magnetism and Optics.** Prerequisite(s): credit for or
concurrent enrollment in PHYS 2220.

**3030. Laboratory in Modern Physics.** Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in PHYS 3010.

**2900-2910. Special Problems.** 1-3 hours each. Individualized instruction in theoretical or experimental problems. For
elective credit only.

**3210-3220. Mechanics.** 3 hours each. (3;0;1)

**3210.** Vector treatment of the motion of a particle in one, two and three dimensions; motion of a system of
particles; conservation laws; the statics of fluids and solids; the motion of rigid bodies. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 2220.

**3220.** Gravitation; moving coordinate systems; mechanics of continuous media; generalized coordinates and the
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of mechanics; applications of tensors to rotation of rigid bodies; theory of small
vibrations. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3210.

**3310. Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Application of advanced mathematical techniques
to the solution of problems in physics. Vector spaces, complex analysis, matrices, linear transformations, vector calculus,
Fourier series and integrals, the Laplace transformation, and special functions. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 2220 and MATH 1720.

**3420. Electronics.** 4 hours. (1-3;4-6) Analog and digital electronics, applications and diagnostic techniques. Selections
from direct- and alternating-current circuits, and measurements; uses of diodes, transistors, etc., as switches; applications of
Boolean algebra; memory and storage devices; counters and shift registers; computer structures and bussing; servo systems
and operations amplifiers; digital and analog-digital instrumentation and interfacing with computers. Prerequisite(s): PHYS
1420/1440 or 2220/2240, and MATH 1710.

**4050. Nuclear Reactor Theory.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) A study of neutron transport theory and neutron diffusion mechanics
as applied to nuclear fission and reactor core criticality analysis and behavior. Multi-region core configurations and
group diffusion theory included. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1720, PHYS 3010/3030 (Same as NUET 4050).

**4110. Statistical and Thermal Physics.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Basic probability concepts; statistical description of systems
of particles; statistical thermodynamics and thermodynamic laws; macroscopic and microscopic descriptions of systems;
phase transformation. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3010/3030.

**4150. Experimental Physics I.** 3 hours. (1;6) Laboratory experience via use of research-quality instruments.
Modern experiments in solid state, atomic and molecular physics. Topics, which may vary, include nonlinear dynamics and chaos
in circuits and lasers; SQUIDS and high temperature superconductivity; holography; X-ray diffraction; and electron
scanning microscopy. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3010/3030.

**4160. Experimental Physics II.** 3 hours. (1;6) Experimental techniques of precision measurements in nuclear and
atomic physics. Topics, which may vary, cover recent developments in modern physics suitable for advanced undergraduates
and graduate students. Rutherford scattering, low energy nuclear reactions; ion-induced innershell ionization at MeV
energies; nuclear magnetic resonance to obtain local electronic structure; magnetic transport and magneto-optics; and modern
techniques in surface analysis (ion sputtering). Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3010/3030.

**4210. Electricity and Magnetism.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Vector treatment of static electric and magnetic fields in free space,
multipole field distributions, boundary value problems, fields in material media, and electromagnetic waves. Prerequisite(s): PHYS
2220/2240.

**4220. Electromagnetic Waves.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Maxwell's equations; plane and spherical waves; reflection, refraction,
guided waves, radiation and scattering. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 4210.

**4310. Quantum Mechanics.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Origins of the modern theory of atomic structure; Schroedinger's formulation
of non-relativistic, single-particle quantum mechanics and application to simple systems; the one-electron atom.
Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3010/3030.

**4350. Advanced Modern Physics I Atomic and Molecular Physics.
**3 hours. Introduction to various quantum
mechanical models of atomic and molecular structure and spectra. Hydrogen atom and simple spectra; external fields, line splitting;
line broadening; addition of angular momentum and spin; effective fields, variational method; Hartree and Hartree-Fock
theory; structure and spectra of multielectron atoms; Rydberg atoms; molecular binding; rotational, vibrational and electronic
states and spectra of diatomic molecules. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 4310.

**4360. Advanced Modern Physics II Nuclear and Particle
Physics.** 3 hours. Comprehensive study of nuclear structure
and dynamics; survey of particle physics; properties of the nuclear force; interpretation of experimental data via specific
many-body models; interaction of radiation with matter; classification of particles and nuclei; scattering theory; conservation
laws and symmetry; and contemporary results. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 4350.

**4420. Physical Optics.** 3 hours. (3;0;1) Huygens' principle and application to geometrical optics; interference
phenomena; Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction; polarization; electromagnetic theory of light and interaction with matter. Part of
the instruction will be in a laboratory setting. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 2220/2240.

**4500. Introduction to Solid-State Physics.** 3 hours. An introduction to the major areas of solid-state physics,
including crystal structure and symmetry, lattice vibrations and phonons, thermal properties, energy bands,
semiconductors, superconductivity, and magnetic properties. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3010.

**4550. Modern Classical Dynamics. **3 hours. Introduction to nonlinear dynamical systems; onset of chaos, phase
space portraits, universality of chaos, strange attractors, experimental verification, fluid dynamics and the KAM
theorem. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 3220.

**4600. Computer Based Physics. **3 hours. Symbolic and numerical evaluations of single-variable and multi-variable
integrals with a single line of programming. Symbolic evaluation of derivatives. Symbolic manipulation of lists including vectors
and matrices. Data analysis. Multidimensional plots. Symbolic derivations. Symbolic and numerical solutions to single
and multiple, linear and nonlinear, differential and partial differential equations. Probability densities and Monte Carlo
methods. Random walk and classical trajectory simulations. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 2220.

**4710. Foundations of Theoretical Physics. **3 hours. Overview of topics in theoretical physics. Symmetry;
mechanics: Newton's laws, celestial mechanics, Hamiltonian formalism; electromagnetism: Maxwell's equations, nonlinear optics
and classical field theory, quantum optics, lasers, chaotic diffraction; quantum mechanics: measurements and scattering
theory; statistical physics: entropy, equilibrium statistical mechanics; and contemporary areas: fractals, chaos and nonlinear
dynamics. Topics may vary. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 4210, 4310; PHYS 4110, which may be taken concurrently.

**4900-4910. Special Problems.** 1-3 hours each. Must have the consent of the faculty member prior to enrollment. May
be repeated for credit.

**4950. Senior Thesis. **3-6 hours. (0; 0; 9-18) Individual research on a problem chosen in consultation with a faculty
member. Research may be conducted on campus, during an internship off-campus, or as an exchange student in a study abroad
program. Prerequisite(s): consent of faculty member.

**4960-4970. Science Institute (Physics).** 1-6 hours each. For students accepted by the university as participants in
special institute programs. May be repeated for credit but not to exceed a total of 6 hours in each course.

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