The content of courses will vary from time to time, reflecting current trends and recent developments.

**5000. Instructional Issues for the Professional
Mathematician.** 3 hours. Focus on various instructional issues
from the perspective of the professional mathematician. Some major topics include course planning, the content of
a course syllabus, lecture styles, the preparation and mechanics of lectures, the conduct of problem solving
sessions, classroom management, the student-instructor relationship, examination formats, the preparation, administration
and grading of examinations and the management of teaching assistants and graders. Prerequisite(s): consent of
department.

**5010. Foundations of Mathematics.** 3 hours. Mathematical logic and set theory; axiomatic methods; cardinal
arithmetic; ordered sets and ordinal numbers; the axiom of choice and its equivalent forms; the continuum
hypothesis. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

**5050. Linear Programming.** 3 hours. Convex polyhedra, simplex method, duality theory, network flows,
integer programming, ellipsoidal method, applications to modeling and game theory. Prerequisite(s): consent of
department.

**5110-5120. Introduction to Analysis.** 3 hours each. A rigorous development for the real case of the theories
of continuous functions, differentiation, Riemann integration, infinite sequences and series, uniform convergence
and related topics; an introduction to the complex case.

**5200. Topics in Dynamical Systems.** 3 hours. Dynamical systems in one and higher dimensions. Linearization
of hyperbolic fixed points. Hamiltonian systems and twist maps. The concept of topological conjugacy and
structural stability. Anosov diffeomorphisms, geodesic flow and attractors. Chaotic long-term behavior of these
hyperbolic systems. Measures of complexity. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

**5210-5220. Numerical Analysis.** 3 hours each. A rigorous mathematical analysis of numerical methods: norms,
error analysis, linear systems, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, iterative methods of solving non-linear systems, polynomial
and spline approximation, numerical differentiation and integration, numerical solution or ordinary and partial
differential equations. Prerequisite(s): FORTRAN programming or consent of department.

**5290. Numerical Methods.** 3 hours. A non-theoretical development of various numerical methods for use with
a computer to solve equations, solve linear and non-linear systems of equations, find eigenvalues and
eigenvectors, approximate functions, approximate derivatives and definite integrals, solve differential equations and solve
other such problems of a mathematical nature. Errors due to instability of method and those due to the
finite-precision computer will be studied. Prerequisite(s): a programming language and consent of department.

**5310-5320. Functions of a Real Variable.** 3 hours each.

5310.Sets and operations; descriptive set properties; cardinal numbers; order types and ordinals; metric spaces; the theory of Lebesque measure; metric properties of sets.

5320.Set functions and abstract measure; measurable functions; types of continuity; classification of functions; the Lebesque integral; Dini derivatives and the fundamental theorem of the calculus.

**5350. Markov Processes.** 3 hours. The ergodic theorem; regular and ergodic Markov chains; absorbing
chains and random walks; mean first passage time; applications to electric circuits, entropy, genetics, games,
decision theory and probability.

**5400. Introduction to Functions of a Complex
Variable.** 3 hours. Algebra of complex numbers and
geometric representation; analytical functions; elementary functions and mapping; real-line integrals; complex
integration; power series; residues, poles, conformal mapping and applications. Only one course, MATH 5400, 5500 or
5600, may be used towards satisfying the course work requirements for a graduate degree in mathematics.

**5410-5420. Functions of a Complex
Variable.** 3 hours each. The theory of analytic functions from the
Cauchy-Riemann and Weierstrass points of view.

**5450. Calculus on Manifolds.** 3 hours. Introduction to differential geometry and topology. Topics
include implicit and inverse function theorems, differentiable manifolds, tangent bundles, Riemannian manifolds,
tensors, curvature, differential forms, integration on manifolds and Stokes' theorem. Prerequisite(s): consent of
department.

**5460-5470. Differential Equations.** 3 hours each. Calculation of solutions to systems of ordinary differential
equations, study of algebraic and qualitative properties
of solutions, study of partial differential equations of mathematical
physics, iterative methods for numerical solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations
and introduction to the finite element method. Prerequisite(s): MATH 5110-5120 and linear algebra.

**5500. Introduction to the Theory of
Matrices.** 3 hours. Congruence (Hermitian); similarity; orthogonality,
matrices with polynomial elements and minimal polynomials; Cayley-Hamilton theorem; bilinear and quadratic
forms; eigenvalues. Only one course, MATH 5400, 5500 or 5600, may be used towards satisfying the course
work requirements for a graduate degree in mathematics.

**5520. Modern Algebra.** 3 hours. Groups and their generalizations; homomorphism and isomorphism theories;
direct sums and products; orderings; abelian groups and their invariants. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3510 or equivalent.

**5530. Selected Topics in Modern Algebra.** 3 hours. Ring and field extensions, Galois groups, ideals and
valuation theory.

**5600. Introduction to Topology.** 3 hours. Point set topology; connectedness, compactness, continuous
functions and metric spaces. Only one course, MATH 5400, 5500 or 5600, may be used towards satisfying the course
work requirement for a graduate degree in mathematics.

**5610-5620. Topology.** 3 hours each. A rigorous development of abstract topological spaces, mappings,
metric spaces, continua, product and quotient spaces; introduction to algebraic methods.

**5810-5820. Probability and Statistics.** 3 hours each.

5810.Important densities and stochastic processes; measure and integration; laws of large numbers; limit theorems.

5820.Markov processes and random walks; renewal theory and Laplace transforms; characteristic functions; infinitely divisible distribution; harmonic analysis.

**5900-5910. Special Problems.** 1-3 hours each.

**5940. Seminar in Mathematical
Literature.** 1-3 hours.

**5950. Master's Thesis.** 3 or 6 hours. To be scheduled only with consent of department. 6 hours credit
required. No credit assigned until thesis has been completed and filed with the graduate dean. Continuous
enrollment required once work on thesis has begun. May be repeated for credit.

**6010. Topics in Logic and Foundations.** 3 hours. Mathematical logic, metamathematics and foundations
of mathematics. May be repeated for credit.

**6110. Topics in Analysis.** 3 hours. Measure and integration theory, summability, complex variables and
functional analysis. May be repeated for credit.

**6130. Infinite Processes.** 3 hours. Topics selected from infinite series, infinite matrices, continued
fractions, summation processes and integration theory.

**6150. Functional Analysis.** 3 hours. Normed linear spaces; completeness, convexity and duality. Topics
selected from linear operators, spectral analysis, vector lattices and Banach algebras. May be repeated for credit.

**6170. Differential Equations.** 3 hours. Existence, uniqueness and approximation of solutions to linear and
non-linear ordinary, partial and functional differential equations. Relationships with functional analysis. Emphasis is
on computer-related methods. May be repeated for credit.

**6200. Topics in Ergodic Theory.** 3 hours. Basic ergodic theorems. Mixing properties and entropy.
Oseledec's multiplicative ergodic theorem and Lyapunov exponents. Applications to dynamical systems. Rational
functions and Julia sets. Wandering across Mandelbrot set. Sullivan's conformal measure. Thermodynamical formalism
and conformal measures applied to compute Hausdorff measures and packing measures of attractors, repellors
and Julia sets. Dimension invariants (Hausdorff, box and packing dimension) of these sets. Prerequisite(s): consent
of department. May be repeated for credit.

**6310. Topics in Combinatorics.** 3 hours. Selected topics of current interest in combinatorics such as
enumeration, combinatorial optimization, Ramsey theory, topological graph theory, random methods in combinatorics
(random graphs, random matrices, randomized algorithms, etc.), combinatorial designs, matroids, formal languages
and combinatorics on words, combinatorial number theory, combinatorial and symbolic methods in
dynamical systems. May be repeated for credit.

**6510. Topics in Algebra.** 3 hours. Groups, rings, modules, fields and other algebraic structures; homological
and categorical algebra. Multiplicative and additive number theory, diophantine equations and algebraic
number theory. May be repeated for credit.

**6610. Topics in Topology and Geometry.** 3 hours. Point set and general topology, differential geometry
and global geometry. May be repeated for credit.

**6620. Algebraic Topology.** 3 hours. Topics from algebraic topology such as fundamental group,
singular homology, fixed point theorems, cohomology, cup products, Steenrod powers, vector bundles, classifying
spaces, characteristic classes and spectral sequences. Prerequisite(s): MATH 5530 and 5620. May be repeated for credit.

**6710. Topics in Applied Mathematics.** 3 hours. Optimization and control theory, perturbation methods,
eigenvalue problems, generalized functions, transform methods and spectral theory. May be repeated for credit.

**6810. Probability.** 3 hours. Probability measures and integration, random variables and distributions,
convergence theorems, conditional probability and expectation, martingales, stochastic processes. May be repeated for credit.

**6900-6910. Special Problems.** 1-3 hours each.

**6940. Individual Research.** Variable credit. To be scheduled by the doctoral candidate engaged in research.
May be repeated for credit.

**6950. Doctoral Dissertation.** 3, 6 or 9 hours. To be scheduled only with consent of department. 12 hours
credit required. No credit assigned until dissertation has been completed and filed with the graduate dean. Doctoral
students must maintain continuous enrollment in this course subsequent to passing qualifying examination for admission
to candidacy. May be repeated for credit.

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