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Department of Biological Sciences

Main Departmental Office
Biological Sciences Building, 210
P.O. Box 305220
Denton, TX 76203-5220
(940) 565-2011

Web site: www.biol.unt.edu

Undergraduate Advising Office
Biological Sciences Building, 205
(940) 565-3627
Fax: (940) 565-3821

Art Goven, Chair

Faculty

Professors Atkinson, Beitinger, Burggren, Chapman, Chesnut, Dickson, Fitzpatrick, Fuchs, Goven, Gross, Kennedy, Kunz, La Point, O’Donovan, Pirtle, Schafer, Waller, Zimmerman. Associate Professors Benjamin, Dickstein, Root, Schwark, Sinclair, Smith, Tam, Venables. Assistant Professors Ayre, Dzialowski, Padilla. Lecturer Hughes.

Introduction

Modern biology encompasses the study of all aspects of living systems from the molecular basis of genetic inheritance to the interactions between organisms and the environment. The mission of the Department of Biological Sciences is to provide quality education leading to bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in biology, environmental biology, biochemistry and allied health sciences. A vital component of that mission is scholarly activity, and faculty in the department conduct relevant basic and applied research and provide professional expertise and service to local, state and national constituencies. Central to our mission is quality teaching, and faculty engage in instructional development to enhance their abilities to train professionals who will have the most up-to-date skills and professional ethics for meeting the demands of a technological society. Our success is measured by the success of our students and the quality of our intellectual contributions to the improvement of society.

Preprofessional Programs

See “Preprofessional Programs” in the College of Arts and Sciences section of this catalog.

Programs of Study

The department offers undergraduate and graduate programs in the following areas:

Concentrations under the biology major at the master’s and doctoral level are available in ecology, microbiology and plant science.

Recommended four-year undergraduate courses of study are listed in this catalog. Additional copies are available in the Undergraduate Advising Office, Room 205 of the Biological Sciences Building.

Students seeking teacher certification in secondary education should consult with advisers in both the College of Education and the Department of Biological Sciences. A 2.75 cumulative grade point average is required in the teaching field to enter the certification program. The use of the term “advanced” as applied to courses means any upper-division (3000- or 4000-level) course.

Admission to Majors in Biology and Biochemistry

Entering students interested in majoring in biology or biochemistry will be classified as pre-majors and will be advised by the department. Admission to the university does not guarantee admission to the major. To be admitted to the major (and be eligible to enroll in advanced biology and biochemistry courses), a pre-major must meet all the requirements listed below.

Admission to Biology Major

Complete at least 30 hours of college courses and:

  1. complete BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730, 1720/1740 or 1722/1740, 2040 and 2140, each with a grade of C or better;
  2. complete CHEM 1410/1430 or 1411/1430, 1420/1440 or 1422/1440, 2370/3210, each with a grade of C or better;
  3. complete MATH 1650 or the placement equivalent;
  4. have at least a 2.5 GPA on the required biology, chemistry and mathematics courses listed above; and
  5. have a minimum 2.0 UNT grade point average.

Admission to Biochemistry Major

Complete at least 30 hours of college courses and:

  1. complete BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730, 1720/1740 or 1722/1740 or 2040, and BIOC 2000, each with a grade of C or better;
  2. complete CHEM 1410/1430 or 1411/1430, 1420/1440 or 1422/1440, 2370/3210, each with a grade of C or better;
  3. complete MATH 1650 or the placement equivalent;
  4. have at least a 2.5 GPA on the required biology, biochemistry, chemistry and mathematics courses listed above; and
  5. have a minimum 2.0 UNT grade point average.

Bachelor of Arts

Major in Biology Degree Requirements

  1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 128 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor of Arts degree as specified in the “General University Requirements” in the Academics section of this catalog and the “Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements.”
  2. Major Requirements: BIOL 1710/1730; 1720/1740; 2040; 2140; 3451/3452, 3510/3520, 3800/3810; plus 7 additional advanced hours for which each course used must be a minimum of 3 hours. BIOL 3350, 3360, 3500, 4050, 4160, 4170, 4180, 4190, 4800, 4900/4910, 4920 and 4940/4950 may not be applied to the biology requirements for the BA.
  3. Other Course Requirements: ENGL 2700 (replaces ENGL 1320 in university core); PHYS 1410/1430 or 1510/1530, 1420/1440 or 1520/1540; MATH 1710 (1650 prerequisite) or equivalent.
  4. Chemistry Requirements: The completion of these requirements will satisfy the requirements for a minor in chemistry. A minimum of 20 hours, including CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430; 1420/1440 or 1423/1440; 2370/3210; 2380/3220 or equivalent; plus 4 advanced hours chosen from CHEM 3451/3452, CHEM 3530 or BIOC 3621/3622. Premedical and pre-dental students are advised to substitute both BIOC 4540 and 4550 for BIOC 3621/3622.
  5. Electives: See four-year plan.
  6. Other Requirements: A minimum 2.5 grade point average must be maintained on all advanced courses in the division of sciences.

Bachelor of Arts with a Major in Biology degree plan

Bachelor of Science in Biology

Degree Requirements

  1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 131 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor’s degree as specified in the “General University Requirements” in the Academics section of this catalog and the “Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements.”

    Foreign Language Requirement Options: Students may complete either of two options to satisfy the College of Arts and Sciences foreign language requirement:

    Option I: Must attain intermediate II level (2050) in a foreign language or pass appropriate proficiency exam(s) as specified by the College of Arts and Sciences.

    Option II: Complete three courses from the approved groups listed below (a minimum of 9 hours). A student who wishes to fulfill the foreign language requirement by Option II must first be counseled by an undergraduate adviser of the Department of Biological Sciences and must obtain written approval of Option II for inclusion in the student’s degree plan. Students must choose one course from each group listed below for a total of 9 hours. All courses must be a minimum of 3 hours. Special Problems 4900-4910 and Cooperative Education 4920 are excluded.

    Group I: ENGL 4180.

    Group II: One biology course at the 3000 level or higher or one additional course from Group III. If a biology course is used, it must be a course that counts for the major.

    Group III: Select one course from the following: biochemistry courses at the 3000 level or higher if they are not used to complete a chemistry minor; chemistry courses at the 3000 level or higher if they are not used to complete a chemistry minor; computer science courses for computer science majors that are above the CSCE 1020 level; GEOG 4400, 4500, 4520, 4550, 4560; MATH 1680 or other math course above the level of MATH 1710; PHIL 3250; PSYC 4640; physics courses for physics majors at the 3000 level or higher.

    All courses must be appropriate for majors within the department that offers them. Normal limitations for undergraduate enrollment in graduate classes will still apply.
  2. Major Requirements: A major of 43 hours in the biological sciences, of which 28 must be advanced. Required courses: BIOL 1710/1730 or 1711/1730, 1720/1740 or 1722/1740, 2040, 2140, 3451/3452, 3510/3520 and 3800/3810; plus 16 advanced hours (excluding BIOL 3350/3360, 3500, 4050 and 4800) of which 2 courses must be with laboratory.

    By selecting upper-division biology courses from a subdiscipline, it is possible for the BS student to establish, unofficially, an area of study in general biology, ecology, microbiology, animal physiology/neuroscience, cell and molecular biology/genetics, or the plant sciences in consultation with the undergraduate adviser. The subdisciplines of general biology, microbiology, plant sciences, ecology and neuroscience have been defined with the courses listed below. Please consult with the undergraduate advising secretary in Room 205 of the Biological Sciences Building for further information.
    • Ecology. 16 advanced hours selected from the following: BIOL 3000, 3150, 3160, 3170, 4000, 4051/4052, 4070, 4090, 4260, 4280, 4380, 4400, 4420, 4440, 4560, 4570/4580, 4650 and 4720.
    • General Biology. 16 advanced hours selected from the following: BIOL 3000, 3050, 3331, 3380, 4070, 4090, 4110, 4200, 4250, 4300, 4420, 4460, 4480, 4501/4502, 4505, 4530/4540, 4570/4580 and 4750/4760.
    • Microbiology. 16 advanced hours selected from the following: BIOL 3380, 4090, 4160 or 4180, 4200, 4501/4502, 4530/4540, 4570/4580 and 4770.
    • Neuroscience. 16 advanced hours selected from the following: BIOL 4110, 4220, 4250, 4300, 4570/4580 and 4750/4760.
    • Plant Sciences. 16 advanced hours selected from the following: BIOL 3160, 3170, 4000, 4051/4052, 4070, 4130, 4250, 4260, 4280, 4400, 4503/4504 and 4570/4580.
  3. Other Course Requirements: ENGL 2700 (replaces ENGL 1320 in university core); PHYS 1410/1430 or 1510/1530, 1420/1440 or 1520/1540; MATH 1710 (1650 prerequisite) or equivalent.
  4. Chemistry Requirements: The completion of these requirements will satisfy the requirements for a minor in chemistry. A minimum of 20 hours, including CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430; 1420/1440 or 1423/1440; 2370/3210; 2380/3220 or equivalent, plus 4 advanced hours chosen from CHEM 3451/3452, 3530 or BIOC 3621/3622. Premedical and pre-dental students are advised to substitute both BIOC 4540 and 4550 for BIOC 3621/3622.
  5. Electives: See four-year plan.
  6. Other Requirements: A minimum 2.5 grade point average must be maintained on all advanced courses in the division of sciences.

Bachelor of Science in Biology degree plan

Bachelor of Science

Major in Cytotechnology

The Department of Biological Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science with a major in Cytotechnology in affiliation with the Berkshire Medical Center School of Cytotechnology in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, the Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester, Minnesota, and the University Hospital School of Cytotechnology in San Antonio, all of which are approved by the American Medical Association.

Students complete a minimum of 95 semester hours at UNT (prior to entering clinical training) and a minimum of 12 months of clinical training (for a minimum of 39 semester hours) at any American Medical Association-approved school of cytotechnology to complete the degree.

Upon graduation, students are eligible to take national examinations given by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP). Upon passing the registry examination, the student is considered a certified cytotechnologist. The awarding of the degree is not contingent upon students’ passing the national board examination.

Degree Requirements

  1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 134 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor’s degree as specified in the “General University Requirements” in the Academics section of this catalog and the “Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements.”
  2. Major Requirements: Satisfactory completion of a minimum of 12 months of professional training at an approved cytotechnology school as verified by an official transcript sent to the UNT cytotechnology program director. The transcript is evaluated by the director, who recommends to the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Registrar that a minimum of 39 hours of credit be granted for the completed professional training. These hours are exempt from the UNT residency requirement.
  3. Other Course Requirements: Completion of the following preprofessional requirements before clinical training with a minimum GPA of 2.5 for upper-division courses in the division of sciences:
    • BIOL 1710 or 1711, and 1730, 2040, 3451/3452, 3510/3520, 3800/3810, 4300, 4770 and BIOC 3621/3622, plus 4 hours selected from BIOL 3000, 3380 or 4200. 35 hours.
    • CHEM 1410/1430, 1420/1440 and 3601/3602. 12 hours.
    • MATH 1680, 3 hours.
    • MGMT 3720, 3 hours.
    • PSYC 1630, 3 hours. (PSYC 1630 also will satisfy Social and Behavioral Sciences requirement of the University Core Curriculum.)
    • ENGL 2700, 3 hours.
    • Professional training courses at an approved school of cytotechnology. Minimum of 39 hours.
  4. Minor Requirements: None.
  5. Electives: See four-year plan.
  6. Other Requirements:
    • Submission to the program director of a transcript evaluation request, including the name(s) of cytotechnology school(s) where the student is applying.
    • Filing, in the program director’s office before leaving campus, the name of an accredited cytotechnology school to be attended.

Bachelor of Science with a Major in Cytotechnology degree plan

Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology

The Department of Biological Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology in affiliation with the following schools of clinical laboratory science (medical technology) that are approved by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS), in cooperation with the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs:

Students complete a minimum of 95 semester hours at UNT (prior to entering clinical training) and a minimum of 12 months of clinical training (for a minimum of 39 semester hours) at any NAACLS-approved school of medical technology to complete the degree.

Upon graduation, students are eligible to take national examinations given by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) and the National Certification Agency (NCA) for Medical Laboratory Personnel. The ASCP examination is administered by computer several times a year, and the NCA examination is in January and July. Upon passing the registry examination(s) the student is considered a certified medical technologist or certified laboratory scientist. The awarding of the degree is not contingent upon students’ passing national board examinations. Medical Laboratory Technicians (MLTs) with an associate’s degree and who have completed MLT training in a Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation Program may reduce the time required in clinical training by being accepted into a Medical Laboratory Technicians Articulation Program at one of UNT’s clinical affiliates.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 134 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor’s degree as specified in the “General University Requirements ” in the Academics section of this catalog and the “Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements.”

2. Major Requirements: Satisfactory completion of a minimum of 12 months of professional training at an approved medical technology school as verified by an official transcript sent to the UNT medical technology program director. The transcript is evaluated by the director who recommends to the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Registrar that a minimum of 39 hours of credit be granted for the completed professional training. These hours are exempt from the UNT residency requirement.

3. Other Course Requirements: BIOL 1710/ 1730, 2040, 3380, 3510/3520, 3800/3810 and 4200; plus two courses to be selected from BIOL 3451/3452, 4090, 4300, and 4570 or 4770; CHEM 1410/1430, 1420 /1440, 3601/3602; BIOC 3621/3622; ENGL 2700; MATH 1680; MGMT 3720. Completion of 12 months of clinical training (for a minimum of 39 semester hours) at any NAACLS-approved school of medical technology to complete the degree.

4. Minor Requirements: None.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: A minimum 2.5 grade point average for upper-division courses in the sciences. Submission to the program director of a transcript evaluation request, including the name(s) of medical technology school(s) where the student is applying. Filing, in the program supervisor’s office before leaving campus, the name of an accredited medical technology school to be attended.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology degree plan

Bachelor of Arts

Major in Biochemistry

The Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in biochemistry allows a less structured curriculum with more elective options than the Bachelor of Science in biochemistry. Further, it serves as an excellent degree program for those who wish to teach sciences at the high school level in the areas of biochemistry, chemistry and biology. Additionally, the program serves well those who wish to go into medicine, dentistry or other biologically related professional programs of study.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 128 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor’s degree as specified in the “General University Requirements” in the Academics section of this catalog and the “Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements.”

2. Major Requirements: Major of 35 hours in biochemistry, of which 19 must be advanced. Required courses: CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430, 1420/1440 or 1423/1440, 2370/3210, 2380/3220, 3451/3452, and 3530; BIOC 2000 (2 terms/semesters), 3621/3622, 4570, and 4580. BIOC 4540, 4550 and 4560 may be substituted for BIOC 3621/3622.

3. Other Course Requirements: ENGL 2700 (replaces ENGL 1320 in university core); MATH 1650 and 1710; PHYS 1510/1530 and 1520/1540.

4. Minor Requirements: Minor of 20 hours in biology, including BIOL 3510/3520, plus an additional 16 hours of which a minimum of 8 must be advanced. BIOL 1710/1730 and 1720/1740 are recommended.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: GPA of 2.5 on all advanced courses attempted in the division of sciences.

Bachelor of Arts with a Major in Biochemistry degree plan

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry

This professional degree is designed for the students planning careers in biochemistry, medicine, clinical chemistry or other health-related areas of chemistry.

Degree Requirements

1. Hours Required and General/College Requirements: A minimum of 135 semester hours, of which 42 must be advanced, and fulfillment of degree requirements for the Bachelor’s degree as specified in the “General University Requirements” in the Academics section of this catalog and the “Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements.”

Foreign Language Requirement Options: Students may complete either of two options to satisfy the College of Arts and Sciences foreign language requirement:

Option I: Must attain intermediate II level (2050) in a foreign language or pass appropriate proficiency exam(s) as specified by the College of Arts and Sciences.

Option II: Complete three courses from the approved groups below (a minimum of 9 hours). A student who wishes to fulfill the foreign language requirement by Option II must first be counseled by an undergraduate adviser of the Department of Biological Sciences and must obtain written approval of Option II for inclusion in the student’s degree plan. Students must choose one course from each group as follows for a total of 9 hours. All courses must be a minimum of 3 hours. Cooperative Education (4920) is excluded:

Group I: ENGL 4180.

Group II: One biochemistry course at the 3000 level or higher, including special problems; or one additional course from Group III.

Group III: Select one course from the following (excludes special problems 4900-4910 courses): biology courses at the 3000 level or higher if they are not used to complete a biology minor; chemistry courses at the 3000 level or higher if they are not used in the biochemistry major; computer science courses for computer science majors that are above the CSCE 1020 level; GEOG 4400, 4500, 4520, 4550 and 4560; MATH 1680; other math courses above the level of MATH 1720; PHIL 3520; PSYC 4640; or physics courses for physics majors at the 3000 level or higher.

2. Major Requirements: A major of at least 41 hours in chemistry/biochemistry, of which 25 semester hours must be advanced, including CHEM 1410/1430 or 1413/1430, 1420/1440 or 1423/1440, 2370/3210, 2380/3220, 3451/3452, 3510 and 3520; BIOC 2000 (2 terms/semesters), 4540, 4550, 4560, 4570 and 4580.

3. Other Course Requirements: ENGL 2700 (replaces ENGL 1320 in university core). Total of 84 hours in the division of sciences, of which 40 must be advanced, including MATH 1710 and 1720; PHYS 1510/1530, 1520/1540, or 1710/1730, 2220/2240.

4. Minor Requirements: A minor of 20 hours in biology, including BIOL 3451/3452 and 3510/3520, plus 12 hours, of which a minimum of 4 must be advanced. BIOL 1710/1730 and 1720/1740 are recommended.

5. Electives: See four-year plan.

6. Other Requirements: GPA of 2.5 on all advanced courses attempted in the division of sciences.

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry degree plan

Teacher Certification

The College of Arts and Sciences encourages students to explore teaching at the secondary level as a career option. The student’s academic adviser in the Dean’s Office for Undergraduates and Student Advising in GAB, Room 220, can assist students with specific requirements for teacher certification in Life Science. Upon completion of this program, students will be prepared to sit for the certification examinations in Life Science.

Requirements: BIOL 1710/1730, 1720/1740, 2040, 2140, 3451/3452, 3510/3520, 3800/3810, 4051/4052, 4700, 4900 (research experience only); CHEM 1410/1430, 1420/1440, 2370/3210, 2380/3220; BIOC 3621/3622; GEOG 1710; GEOL 4710; PHYS 1510/1530, 1520/1540. See major for additional course work and GPA requirements.

Students must also complete the required 21 hours in upper-level education courses (EDSE 3800, 3830, 4060, 4070, 4108, 4118, 4840) and meet all GPA requirements to apply for state certification. In order to enroll for the first required education course, the student must make application to the certification program in the College of Education in Matthews Hall, Room 105.

All state certification requirements and information on required examinations is available on the web site of the State Board for Educator Certification (SBEC), www.sbec.state.tx.us

Minor in Biological Sciences

A minor in the biological sciences can be satisfied by completing BIOL 1710/1730, 1720/1740, 2040 and BIOL 3350/3360 or 3451/3452 (only one can be counted toward minor), plus one 4-hour upper-level laboratory course or two 3-hour upper-level lecture courses (excluding BIOL 3500, 4160/4170, 4180/4190, 4480, 4800, 4900/4910 and 4920) selected in consultation with an adviser in the Department of Biological Sciences.

Graduate Degrees

The department offers degree programs leading to the Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MS) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) with a major in biology; MS and PhD with a major in biochemistry; MS and PhD with a major in environmental science; and MA and MS with a major in molecular biology. A PhD with a major in molecular biology is offered through the Federation of North Texas Area Universities, of which UNT is a member.

Students who intend to proceed with graduate study should take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) during their senior year. For specific information on graduate degree programs, consult the Graduate Catalog.

Courses of Instruction

All Courses of Instruction are located in one section at the back of the catalog.

Course and Subject Guide

The “Course and Subject Guide,” found in the Courses of Instruction section of this book, serves as a table of contents and provides quick access to subject areas and prefixes.