The content of courses will vary from time to time, reflecting current trends and recent developments.

4060. Foundations of Geometry.3 hours. Selections from synthetic, analytic, projective, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2520. Offered spring, summer II.

4100. Fourier Analysis.3 hours. Comprehensive theory of Fourier transforms, Fourier series and discrete Fourier transforms, with emphasis on interconnections. The calculus of Fourier transforms. Operator algebraic formalism. Hartley transforms. FFT and other fast algorithms. High precision arithmetic. Introduction to generalized functions (tempered distributions). Applications to signal processing, probability and differential equations. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3410. Offered spring.

4200. Dynamical Systems.3 hours. One-dimensional dynamics. Sarkovskii's theory, routes to chaos, symbolic dynamics, higher-dimensional dynamics, attractors, bifurcations, quadratic maps, Julia and Mandelbrot sets. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2520. Offered fall.

4430. Introduction to Graph Theory.3 hours. Introduction to combinatorics through graph theory. Topics introduced include connectedness, factorization, Hamiltonian graphs, network flows, Ramsey numbers, graph coloring, automorphisms of graphs and Polya's Enumeration Theorem. Connections with computer science are emphasized. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2510 or 2770. Offered fall.

4450. Introduction to the Theory of Matrices.3 hours. Congruence (Hermitian); similarity; orthogonality, matrices with polynomial elements and minimal polynomials; Cayley-Hamilton theorem; bilinear and quadratic forms; eigenvalues. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2700. Offered spring, summer II.

4500. Introduction to Topology.3 hours. Point set topology; connectedness, compactness, continuous functions and metric spaces. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2520. Offered spring, summer II.

4520. Introduction to Functions of a Complex Variable.3 hours. Algebra of complex numbers and geometric representation; analytic functions; elementary functions and mapping; real-line integrals; complex integration; power series; residues, poles, conformal mapping and applications. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2730. Offered fall, summer I.

4610. Probability.3 hours. Combinatorial analysis, probability, conditional probability, independence, random variables, expectation, generating functions and limit theorems. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2730. Offered fall, summer I.

4650. Statistics.3 hours. Sampling distributions, point estimation, interval estimation, hypothesis testing, goodness of fit tests, regression and correlation, analysis of variance, and non-parametric methods. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4610. Offered spring, summer II.

5010. Foundations of Mathematics.3 hours. Mathematical logic and set theory; axiomatic methods; cardinal arithmetic; ordered sets and ordinal numbers; the axiom of choice and its equivalent forms; the continuum hypothesis. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

5050. Linear Programming.3 hours. Convex polyhedra, simplex method, duality theory, network flows, integer programming, ellipsoidal method, applications to modeling and game theory. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

5110-5120. Introduction to Analysis.3 hours each. A rigorous development for the real case of the theories of continuous functions, differentiation, Riemann integration, infinite sequences and series, uniform convergence and related topics; an introduction to the complex case.

5200. Topics in Dynamical Systems.3 hours. Dynamical systems in one and higher dimensions. Linearization of hyperbolic fixed points. Hamiltonian systems and twist maps. The concept of topological conjugacy and structural stability. Anosov diffeomorphisms, geodesic flow and attractors. Chaotic long-term behavior of these hyperbolic systems. Measures of complexity. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

5210-5220. Numerical Analysis.3 hours each. A rigorous mathematical analysis of numerical methods: norms, error analysis, linear systems, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, iterative methods of solving non-linear systems, polynomial and spline approximation, numerical differentiation and integration, numerical solution or ordinary and partial differential equations. Prerequisite(s): FORTRAN programming or consent of department.

5290. Numerical Methods.3 hours. A non-theoretical development of various numerical methods for use with a computer to solve equations, solve linear and non-linear systems of equations, find eigenvalues and eigenvectors, approximate functions, approximate derivatives and definite integrals, solve differential equations and solve other such problems of a mathematical nature. Errors due to instability of method and those due to the finite-precision computer will be studied. Prerequisite(s): a programming language and consent of department.

5310-5320. Functions of a Real Variable.3 hours each.

5310.Sets and operations; descriptive set properties; cardinal numbers; order types and ordinals; metric spaces; the theory of Lebesque measure; metric properties of sets.

5320.Set functions and abstract measure; measurable functions; types of continuity; classification of functions; the Lebesque

integral; Dini derivatives and the fundamental theorem of the calculus.

5350. Markov Processes.3 hours. The ergodic theorem; regular and ergodic Markov chains; absorbing chains and random walks; mean first passage time; applications to electric circuits, entropy, genetics, games, decision theory and probability.

5410-5420. Functions of a Complex Variable.3 hours each. The theory of analytic functions from the Cauchy-Riemann and Weierstrass points of view.

5450. Calculus on Manifolds.3 hours. Introduction to differential geometry and topology. Topics include implicit and inverse function theorems, differentiable manifolds, tangent bundles, Riemannian manifolds, tensors, curvature, differential forms, integration on manifolds and Stokes' theorem. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

5460-5470. Differential Equations.3 hours each. Calculation of solutions to systems of ordinary differential equations, study of algebraic and qualitative properties of solutions, study of partial differential equations of mathematical physics, iterative methods for numerical solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations, and introduction to the finite element method. Prerequisite(s): MATH 5110-5120 and linear algebra.

5520. Modern Algebra.3 hours. Groups and their generalizations; homomorphism and isomorphism theories; direct sums and products; orderings; abelian groups and their invariants. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3510 or equivalent.

5530. Selected Topics in Modern Algebra.3 hours. Ring and field extensions, Galois groups, ideals and valuation theory.

5610-5620. Topology.3 hours each. A rigorous development of abstract topological spaces, mappings, metric spaces, continua, product and quotient spaces; introduction to algebraic methods.

5810-5820. Probability and Statistics.3 hours each.

5810.Important densities and stochastic processes; measure and integration; laws of large numbers; limit theorems.

5820.Markov processes and random walks; renewal theory and Laplace transforms; characteristic functions; infinitely divisible distribution; harmonic analysis.

5900-5910. Special Problems.1-3 hours each.

5940. Seminar in Mathematical Literature.1-3 hours.

5950. Master's Thesis.3 or 6 hours. To be scheduled only with consent of department. 6 hours credit required. No credit assigned until thesis has been completed and filed with the graduate dean. Continuous enrollment required once work on thesis has begun. May be repeated for credit.

6010. Topics in Logic and Foundations.3 hours. Mathematical logic, metamathematics and foundations of mathematics. May be repeated for credit.

6110. Topics in Analysis.3 hours. Measure and integration theory, summability, complex variables and functional analysis. May be repeated for credit.

6130. Infinite Processes.3 hours. Topics selected from infinite series, infinite matrices, continued fractions, summation processes and integration theory.

6150. Functional Analysis.3 hours. Normed linear spaces; completeness, convexity and duality. Topics selected from linear operators, spectral analysis, vector lattices and Banach algebras. May be repeated for credit.

6170. Differential Equations.3 hours. Existence, uniqueness and approximation of solutions to linear and non-linear ordinary, partial and functional differential equations. Relationships with functional analysis. Emphasis is on computer-related methods. May be repeated for credit.

6200. Topics in Ergodic Theory.3 hours. Basic ergodic theorems. Mixing properties and entropy. Oseledec's multiplicative ergodic theorem and Lyapunov exponents. Applications to dynamical systems. Rational functions and Julia sets. Wandering across Mandelbrot set. Sullivan's conformal measure. Thermodynamical formalism and conformal measures applied to compute Hausdorff measures and packing measures of attractors, repellors and Julia sets. Dimension invariants (Hausdorff, box and packing dimension) of these sets. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite(s): consent of department.

6510. Topics in Algebra.3 hours. Groups, rings, modules, fields and other algebraic structures; homological and categorical algebra. Multiplicative and additive number theory, diophantine equations and algebraic number theory. May be repeated for credit.

6610. Topics in Topology and Geometry.3 hours. Point set and general topology, differential geometry and global geometry. May be repeated for credit.

6620. Algebraic Topology.3 hours. Topics from algebraic topology such as fundamental group, singular homology, fixed point theorems, cohomology, cup products, Steenrod powers, vector bundles, classifying spaces, characteristic classes and spectral sequences. Prerequisite(s): MATH 5530 and 5620. May be repeated for credit.

6710. Topics in Applied Mathematics.3 hours. Optimization and control theory, perturbation methods, eigenvalue problems,

generalized functions, transform methods and spectral theory. May be repeated for credit.

6810. Probability.3 hours. Probability measures and integration, random variables and distributions, convergence theorems, conditional probability and expectation, martingales, stochastic processes. May be repeated for credit.

6900-6910. Special Problems.1-3 hours each.

6940. Individual Research.Variable credit. To be scheduled by the doctoral candidate engaged in research. May be repeated for credit.

6950. Doctoral Dissertation.3, 6 or 9 hours. To be scheduled only with consent of department. 12 hours credit required. No credit assigned until dissertation has been completed and filed with the graduate dean. Doctoral students must maintain continuous enrollment in this course subsequent to passing qualifying examination for admission to candidacy. May be repeated for credit.

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