Biological Sciences Courses

Biochemistry, BIOC = 0116

Biological Sciences, BIOL = 0114

Biochemistry, BIOC = 0116

2000. Vistas of Biochemistry. 1 hour. Current concepts and possible future trends in biochemistry. May be repeated a maximum of three times for credit.

2900-2910. Introduction to Biochemical Research. 1-3 hours each. Individualized laboratory instruction. Students may begin training on laboratory research techniques. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 1430 (may be taken concurrently) and consent of instructor. For elective credit only; may not be substituted for required chemistry courses.

3620. Elementary Biochemistry. 4 hours. (3;3) Chemistry of biomolecules; amino acids, proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleotides, nucleic acids, vitamins and coenzymes; metabolism of biomolecules, and generation and utilization of energy. Prerequisite(s): Organic chemistry. For those students needing a one semester biochemistry course with lab. Counts toward a chemistry minor for biology majors.

4540. Biochemistry I. 3 hours. Chemistry and biochemistry of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and proteins, and nucleic acids; biochemical energetics, enzyme catalysis, vitamins and coenzymes, and their interrelationships in energy-producing cycles and pathways. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOC 5540. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 2380.

4550. Biochemistry II. 3 hours. Continuation of 4540. Metabolic pathways in biosynthesis and degradation of lipids, nucleic acids, proteins and carbohydrates; photosynthesis, nitrogen cycle, and metabolic regulation. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOC 5550. Prerequisite(s): BIOC 4540 or consent of department.

4560. Biochemistry Laboratory. 2 hours. (1;3) Analysis and characterization of amino acids, peptides, enzymes, lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and metabolic pathways and processes. Techniques include a variety of chromatographic methods, electrophoresis, UV-vis spectroscopy and radiochemistry. Prerequisite(s): BIOC 4540 (may be taken concurrently).

4570. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the Gene. 3 hours. Mechanisms and regulation of genetic expression, chromosome replication, mutagenesis and DNA repair, and gene cloning in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. May not be used to satisfy minor requirements in chemistry. Prerequisite(s): at least one of the following: BIOL 3510/3520, 3450 or BIOC 4540. (Same as BIOL 4570.)

4580. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the Gene Laboratory. 2 hours. (0;5;0) Experiments in recombinant DNA techniques, gene regulation and other areas of molecular biology. May not be used to satisfy major or minor requirements in chemistry. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOC 4570, or consent of department. (Same as BIOL 4580.)

4900-4910. Special Problems. 1-3 hours each. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 3220 or equivalent, and consent of directing professor.

4940. Honors Research in Biochemistry. 3 hours. Advanced original independent research supervised by a faculty member in the biological sciences. For students interested in pursuing careers in research or medicine. Prerequisite(s): 3.25 GPA or better in the sciences, at least 12 hours of biology and 16 hours of biochemistry/chemistry, junior or senior standing and departmental approval.

4950. Honors Thesis in Biochemistry. 3 hours. A continuation of BIOC 4940 involving advanced original independent research culminating in a written report supervised by a faculty member in the biological sciences. The results will be written in standard thesis format and presented orally. For students interested in pursuing careers in research or medicine. Prerequisite(s): BIOC 4940 and departmental approval.

Biological Sciences, BIOL = 0114

1110 (1313). Animal and Human Biology. 3 hours. Major theories and principles of animal biology including structure and function of cells, tissues, organ systems and individuals; genetics; reproduction and development with major emphasis on humans. Should be taken concurrently with BIOL 1115. May not be counted toward a major or minor in biology.

1115 (1113). Animal and Human Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;2) Laboratory techniques for BIOL 1110. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1110, should be taken concurrently. May not be counted toward a major or minor in biology.

1120 (1311). Plant Biology. 3 hours. Plant structure and function; plant genetics, reproduction and development; role in ecosystems, agriculture and industry; food resources and human population. Should be taken concurrently with BIOL 1125. May not be counted toward a major or minor in biology.

1125 (1111). Plant Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;2) Laboratory techniques for BIOL 1120. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 1120. May not be counted toward a major or minor in biology.

1130. Environmental Science. 3 hours. Introduction to environmental science as a complex, interdisciplinary scientific area of study to include critical scientific thought, pollution, human population, sustainability, biodiversity and the linkage of the environment to human society. Should be taken concurrently with BIOL 1135. May not be counted toward a major or minor in biology.

1135. Environmental Science Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;2;0) Laboratory techniques for BIOL 1130. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1130 should be taken concurrently. May not be counted toward a major or minor in biology.

1710 (1306). Principles of Biology I. 3 hours. An integrated approach to cell and molecular biology with an emphasis on biological chemistry, cell structure and function, Mendelian and molecular genetics, evolutionary biology, and classification of microorganisms, plants and animals. Required for biology major. Course should be taken concurrently with BIOL 1730.

1720 (1307). Principles of Biology II. 3 hours. An integrated approach to the anatomical, physiological and functional aspects of nutrition, gas exchange, transport, reproduction, development, regulation, response and ecology of microorganisms, plants and animals. Required of all biology majors. Course should be taken concurrently with BIOL 1740.

1730 (1106). Principles of Biology I Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;2) Laboratory techniques for BIOL 1710. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1710, should be taken concurrently.

1740 (1107). Principles of Biology II Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;2) Laboratory techniques for BIOL 1720. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1710/1730 and credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 1720.

2040 (2420). Biology of Microorganisms. 4 hours. (3;4) Survey of the microbial world; classification, ecology, morphology and physiology of eukaryotic and prokaryotic microorganisms. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1710/1730; CHEM 1410 or 1413/1430 or equivalent.

2080. General Biology. 4 hours. (3;2) Plants and animals, diversity of living organisms, relationships of structure and function, self-regulation, and capture and use of energy; the human body, disease and human ecology. For elementary education majors for certification in laboratory science. May not be counted as an elective on a degree program in science and does not satisfy the laboratory science requirement in the College of Arts and Sciences.

2140 (2306). Principles of Ecology. 3 hours. Ecological principles of the structure and dynamics of aquatic and terrestrial populations, communities and ecosystems. The relationship of man to the environment. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1710/1730 and 1720/1740 or equivalent.

2360. Applied Human Anatomy. 4 hours. (3;3) Gross human anatomy with emphasis on the skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular, nervous and visceral organ systems; laboratory studies of human anatomy. For physical education, health education and dance majors, and some students in the allied health professions.

2370. Applied Human Physiology. 4 hours. (3;3) Human physiology, including cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine and neuromuscular function. Laboratory studies of selected physiological processes. For physical education, health education and dance majors, and some students in the allied health professions. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1110/1115 or 2360, or 3 hours of chemistry or physics.

2380. Microbiology for the Food Services. 4 hours. (3;3) Consideration of metazoa, protozoa, fungi, bacteria and viruses in intoxication and the transmission of diseases by food and beverage; the role of microorganisms in the quality and spoilage of foods, and control of microbial populations. Production of foods by microbial fermentations; laws, regulations and performance standards; microorganisms as food. For hotel restaurant management, merchandising and hospitality management, and health education majors.

2700. Human Evolution and Physical Anthropology. 4 hours. (3;2) Study of human biological evolution from primate beginnings to the present era. Emphasis is placed upon anatomical and physiological variations and their adaptive significance. (Same as ANTH 2700.)

2900-2910. Special Problems. 1-3 hours each. Individual readings and laboratory research projects in the biological sciences.

3000. Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates. 4 hours. (2;6) Development, anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of vertebrate organ systems. Laboratory studies of representative vertebrate animals. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biological sciences.

3050. Developmental Biology. 4 hours. (3;3;1) Animal development including gametogenesis, embryogenesis, differentiation, growth, and cellular and molecular bases of these processes. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biological sciences.

3100. Biology of Higher Plants. 4 hours. (3;3) Ecology and evolution of the plant kingdom; plant structure (form and function); plant diversity; plant growth and reproduction; ecology; taxonomy of the vascular plants. Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/1115 and 1120/1125 or 1710/1730 and 1720/1740, or equivalent. Offered fall semester only.

3150. Biology and Conservation of Birds. 2 hours. (1;3) The anatomy, functional and behaviorable adaptations and ecology of birds. Laboratory emphasis on field identification, behavior, habitats, migrations, food habits of birds. Population management and conservation practices. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours biology or permission of instructor. Can be taken as optional supplement to BIOL 3160 or separately.

3160. Biological Resource Conservation and Management. 3 hours. Principles and values relating to natural biological resources; ecological concepts applied to resource management and protection of aquatic organisms, rangelands, forests and wildlife. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours of biological sciences.

3170. Plants and Environment. 3 hours. Relationships of plants to the environment and human activities; impact of plants on human social development, history, economics and religion. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1720/1740 or equivalent.

3350. Human Heredity. 3 hours. Study of the fundamental principles of human genetics. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1110 and 1115, or equivalent. May be used to fulfill the requirements for the BA in biology but not the BS. Also for education, kinesiology, health
promotion and allied health majors.

3360. Heredity Lab. 1 hour. (0;3) Laboratory exercises dealing with basic principles of Mendelian genetics, introductory cytogenetics and probability problems. May be used to fulfill the requirements for the BA in biology but not the BS. Also for allied health, medical technology and cytotechnology majors. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 3350 or consent of instructor.

3370. Bacterial Diversity and Physiology. 4 hours. (3;3) Morphology, physiology, genetics and ecology of bacteria. Laboratory studies of bacteria. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours of biological sciences and credit for or concurrent enrollment in organic chemistry.

3380. Medical Bacteriology. 4 hours. (3;4) Bacteria and disease; host-parasite relationships, immunology and epidemiology. Laboratory studies of the isolation and identification of pathogens. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 2040 and organic chemistry, or consent of department.

3450. Genetics. 4 hours. (3;4) Genetic structure and inheritance in viruses, bacteria and higher organisms with emphasis on gene biochemistry, Mendelian genetics and population genetics. Prerequisite(s): 8 hours of biological sciences and credit for or concurrent enrollment in organic chemistry.

3510. Cell Biology. 3 hours. Structure and function of animal and plant cells with emphasis on cell membranes, cytoplasmic organelles and the nucleus. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in organic chemistry.

3520. Cell Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;4) Laboratory studies emphasizing the isolation and characterization of subcellular organelles. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 3510.

3600. Histological and Biomedical Microtechniques. 4 hours. (3;4) Histological and cytological techniques including dye and stain technology, fluorescent methods, and standard and frozen sections; current microtechnique methods in hematology, parasitology, urology and sex determination. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 1410 or 1413/1430 and 1420 or 1423/1440; BIOL 1710/1730 or equivalent. Does not count as an elective toward a major or minor in biological sciences except for medical technology and cytotechnology majors.

3800. Animal Physiology. 3 hours. Cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine and neuromuscular function. Prerequisite(s): 8 hours of biological sciences, 8 hours of chemistry and 4 hours of physics.

3810. Animal Physiology Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;3) Experimental physiology with emphasis on membrane transport, neurophysiology, and cardiovascular, respiratory and muscle function. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 3800.

4000. Plant Ecology. 4 hours. (2;5) Role of plants in biological communities. Field and laboratory studies of the major local community types. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours of biological sciences.

4050. Animal Ecology. 4 hours. (3;4) Role of animals in biological communities. Field and laboratory studies of the ecology of local fauna. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours of biological sciences.

4070. Insect Biology. 4 hours. (3;3) Morphology, physiology, ethology, classification and control of insects and related arthropods. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours of biological sciences. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5070.

4080. Radiation Safety. 1 hour. (1;0) Radiation sources, interaction of radiation with matter and human tissues, radiation measurement and dosage, instrumentation, regulations and practical safety procedures. Meets state training requirements for use of radioactive isotopes or radiation producing equipment. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biology, chemistry, or physics, or combination of the three. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5080. (Same as BIOL 5080.)

4090. Parasitology. 4 hours. (3;3) Biology, ecology and classification of animal parasites; immunology and physiology of host-parasite interaction. Prerequisite(s): 8 hours of biological sciences.

4110. Endocrinology. 3 hours. Regulation of physiological processes in animals by hormones and related chemical agents. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3800 or equivalent, or consent of department. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5110.

4130. Economic Botany. 3 hours. Distribution, production, history and botany of plants of economic importance. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1720/1740 or equivalent.

4200. Immunology. 4 hours. (3;4) Immune defense mechanisms including immunobiology, immunochemistry, serology, immune responses to infectious agents, allergy and autoimmune diseases. Laboratory studies of antigen-antibody reactions. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in organic chemistry. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5510.

4250. Pharmacology: Biological Basis of Drug Action. 3 hours. An overview of pharmacology based on principles of drug action; emphasis on drugs by class, and not specific drugs per se. General principles, antibiotics and pharmacology of the autonomic, cardiovascular, central nervous and endocrine systems. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3800 and credit for or concurrent enrollment in second semester organic chemistry or consent of instructor. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5150.

4260. Principles of Evolution. 3 hours. Population genetics; ecological, geographical and historical concepts of evolution. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3350 or 3450, or equivalent. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5260.

4300. Histology. 4 hours. (2;5) Microstructure and ultrastructure of animal cells and tissues; relationship of structure and function in tissues and organs. Laboratory studies of tissue structure using the light microscope. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biology.

4360. Bioanalytical Chemistry. 4 hours. (3;3) Principles of chromatographic and detection systems. Recent advances in separation sciences and their applications to the analysis of chiral amino acids, proteins, DNA sequence, vitamins and toxicants in biological and environmental samples. Laboratory experiments illustrate methods used in biochemistry, biotechnology, toxicology and environmental sciences. Prerequisite(s): 16 hours of chemistry.

4380. Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology. 3 hours. (2;3) Theory and methodologies used by scientists, regulatory agencies and industry to measure the impact of man's activities on freshwater aquatic ecosystems. The course has its foundations in history, but concentrates on current methodologies and theories. Prerequisite(s): 8 hours each of chemistry and biology. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5380.

4420. Invertebrate Biology . 4 hours. (3;3) Biology of non-vertebrate animals with emphasis on phylogenetic relationships and anatomical, physiological and behavioral adaptation to varied environments. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biological sciences.

4480. Medical Genetics and Genetic Counseling. 3 hours. Human genetics including cytogenetics, immunogenetics, population genetics, molecular genetics, human biochemical genetics and genetic counseling. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biology, including BIOL 3350 or 3450 or equivalent. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5840.

4500. Bacterial Physiology. 4 hours. (3;4) Biochemistry, metabolism, energy transformations and synthesis of cell constituents in bacteria; chemical and physical agents affecting bacterial growth and survival. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3370 and at least one semester of organic chemistry with laboratory.

4530. Virology. 3 hours. Molecular biology of viruses infecting bacteria, plants and animals; interaction of viruses and host cells; viral genetics; replication, pathogenesis, oncology, immunology, chemotherapy and vaccines. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2040 or 3370.

4540. Virology Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;4;0) Growth and cultivation of bacterial viruses including the production and purification of viral stocks. The use of bacteriophage as model systems to study virus reproduction and cellular metabolism, and as tools in modern molecular biology to study genetic processes. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4530, or consent of department.

4570. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the Gene. 3 hours. Mechanisms and regulation of genetic expression, chromosome replication, mutagenesis and DNA repair, and gene cloning in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. May not be used to satisfy minor requirements in chemistry. Prerequisite(s): at least one of the following: BIOL 3450, 3510/3520 or BIOC 4540. (Same as BIOC 4570.)

4580. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the Gene Laboratory. 2 hours. (0;5;0) Experiments in recombinant DNA techniques, gene regulation and other areas of molecular biology. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4570, or consent of department. (Same as BIOC 4580.)

4600. Forensic Biology. 3 hours. Human identification techniques with emphasis on identification from human skeletal remains. Fundamental biology of osseous and dental tissues; forensic botany and entomology; genetics of human variability; serotyping; HLA typing; analysis of hair and dermatoglyphic lines; DNA fingerprinting. Prerequisite(s): no course prerequisites; however, a background in zoology or general biology is helpful. (Same as ANTH 4600 when offered as Forensic Anthropology.)

4750. Neurobiology. 3 hours. Brain chemistry, physiology and anatomy; neural basis of memory, perception, rhythms, emotion, cognition, development of the nervous system; neurological disorders. Prerequisite(s): 16 hours of biology or consent of instructor.

4760. Neurobiology Laboratory. 1 hour. (0;3) Vertebrate neuroanatomy and experimental neurobiology using electrophysiological and behavioral methods. Prerequisite(s): credit for or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4750. May not be repeated at the graduate level as BIOL 5760.

4800. Biological Sciences Seminar Series. 1 hour. A weekly seminar series covering a broad range of biological research topics. Invited speakers are prominent local, regional or national researchers. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of biological sciences or consent of department. Pass/no pass only. May be repeated for credit. May not be applied toward upper-level science electives.

4900-4910. Special Problems. 1-3 hours each. Individual readings and laboratory research projects in biological sciences. Prerequisite(s): approval of supervisory faculty member, proposal filed in department advising office prior to registration and junior or senior standing. Three hours may be applied to advanced biology electives for the BS degree, but not the BA degree in biology.

4920. Cooperative Education in Biological Sciences. 1-3 hours. Supervised work in a job directly related to the student's major, professional field of study or career objective. Prerequisite(s): 12 hours of credit in biological sciences; student must meet employer's requirements and have consent of department. May not count toward a major or minor in biological sciences. May be repeated for credit.

4940. Honors Research in Biology. 3 hours. Advanced original independent research supervised by a faculty member in the biological sciences. For students interested in pursuing careers in research or medicine. Prerequisite(s): 3.25 GPA or better in the sciences, at least 20 hours of biology and 16 hours of chemistry, junior or senior standing and departmental approval.

4950. Honors Thesis in Biology. 3 hours. A continuation of BIOL 4940 involving advanced original independent research culminating in a written report supervised by a faculty member in the biological sciences. The results will be written in standard thesis format and presented orally. For students interested in pursuing careers in research or medicine. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 4940 and departmental approval.

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