Academics

Definition of Terms

Academic Status

This term is used as an indication of a student's academic standing with the university. Students must maintain certain minimum academic standards to remain in good academic standing.

Students failing to maintain these standards are placed on academic probation at the end of any enrollment period in which the cumulative grade point average (CGPA) on work attempted in residence at this university does not equal or exceed the minimum specified for the student's proper classification hours. (See "Table of Minimum Academic Requirements" in this section.)

Students on probation during a fall or spring semester who fail to raise their CGPA to the minimum standard prescribed for the appropriate classification at the end of that semester or who also fail to make at least a 2.25 grade point average (GPA) for that semester are automatically suspended from UNT for one or more semesters of a long session.

Classification of Students

Students are classified on the basis of semester hours passed. Semester hours passed are computed by adding transfer hours accepted, pass/no pass hours passed, graded hours passed and non-traditional credit accepted at UNT.

Undergraduate classifications are: freshmen, those who have completed less than 30 semester hours of college credit; sophomores, 30 to 59 hours completed; juniors, 60 to 89 hours completed; seniors, 90 or more hours completed but who have not received a bachelor's degree. Graduate students are those who have graduated with a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university.

Continuing Students

Continuing students are those who have been enrolled at least once during the last four consecutive semesters and/or have not received a degree during the same period prior to the semester of planned enrollment. Students who receive a degree and reapply to the university are considered new graduate students.

Course Numbers

Freshman courses, 1000-1999.
Sophomore courses, 2000-2999.
Junior courses, 3000-3999.
Senior courses, 4000-4999.
Graduate courses, 5000 and above.

Courses 2900, 2910, 4900 and 4910, Special Problems, are used upon approval of the department chair or dean for individual instruction in any department to cover course content in special circumstances. Courses 5900, 5910, 5920 and 5930 are used in any department that offers graduate work; courses 6900 and 6910 are used in any department that offers doctoral work.

Experimental Courses, 1980, 2980 and 4980, are new courses offered on a trial basis for 1-4 hours credit each. Registration is permitted only upon approval of the department chair.

Advanced Courses, numbered 3000 to 4999, are open to students who have 12 semester hours of credit in a given subject or who have the indicated prerequisites, and to those without the prerequisites who have the consent of the department chair. In some instances, college/school/departmental requirements may vary. Students should consult individual areas prior to enrolling in advanced courses.

Cumulative Grade Point Average

Classification for the purpose of establishing the minimum CGPA requirement for each student is determined by the sum of all hours attempted in residence in regularly graded courses at UNT, hours passed in pass/no pass graded courses at UNT and hours transferred from other institutions.

Not included in the definition of student classification for academic standards are hours granted by this university for extension courses, service experience, advanced placement, credit by examination, CLEP or transfer hours attempted but not passed.

The CGPA, upon which academic standards are based, is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points earned in residence at UNT by the total number of hours attempted in residence at UNT. Excluded in this calculation are all courses in which the student received grades of I, NP, P, PR, W or Z.

The cumulative grade point average as defined here is used only for determining a student's academic status and is not necessarily related to the grade point average that governs eligibility for graduation.

Degree Plan

The degree plan is an official document prepared in the office of the student's academic dean. It lists all courses completed, courses not completed, proficiency examinations and all other requirements for a particular degree sought. A student should have a degree plan prepared no later than the beginning of the junior year.

Former Students

Former students are those who have not been enrolled at least once during the four consecutive semesters immediately preceding the semester in which they wish to enroll and/or those who have received a degree.

Grade Point Average

The overall grade point average is used to determine student class loads, eligibility for admission to the university and certain programs, and eligibility for graduation. All GPA calculations are subject to post-audit and correction by the Registrar's Office.

The GPA is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points by the total number of semester hours attempted. The number of semester hours attempted includes all courses with grades of A, B, C, D, F and WF unless replaced by a later grade. Courses with grades of I, NP, P, PR, W or Z are not counted as courses attempted.

Major

At least 24 semester hours in a given subject are required for a major, including 12 hours of advanced work. The number of hours required depends on the department selected.

The term "professional field" is used in the College of Business Administration to designate the major for the Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) degree.

Double Major

A student seeking a double major must consult with an adviser from that department. If approved, the requirements for the second major are incorporated in the student's degree plan.

Minor

A minor requires at least 18 semester hours in a given subject, including 6 hours of advanced work. Specific course sequences for a minor are determined by the department offering the minor.

Prerequisite

A prerequisite is a course or other preparation that must be completed before enrollment in another course. All prerequisites are included in catalog course descriptions.

Schedule Changes (Add/Drop, Withdrawal)

Students may make adjustments to their schedules by adding and/or dropping classes or by withdrawing. Specific procedures must be followed in making these changes. (See Enrollment section of this catalog and the Schedule of Classes for details.) Note: Students dropping all of their courses must go to the Registrar's Office to withdraw.

Semester Hour

A semester hour is the unit of credit at UNT; the credit allows for 1 lecture hour a week for 15 weeks or the equivalent. In course listings, figures in parentheses following the course credit hours indicate the number of clock hours per week devoted to lecture and laboratory. When it appears, the third and final number in these parentheses indicates the number of recitation hours per week.

Summer Visiting Student

A summer visiting student is an undergraduate student (U.S. citizen or permanent resident alien) who has been enrolled at another college or university and who enrolls at UNT for either or both summer terms with the intent of returning to the home institution upon completion of summer studies. Summer visiting students must reapply each summer that enrollment is sought.

Transient Student

A transient student is an undergraduate student who has been enrolled at another college or university and who plans to attend UNT for one long semester only and then to return to the college or university where previously enrolled.

Degrees Offered

Bachelor of Applied Arts and Sciences (BAAS)
Bachelor of Arts (BA)
Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
Bachelor of Music (BM)
Bachelor of Science (BS)
Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry (BSBC)
Bachelor of Science in Biology (BSBIO)
Bachelor of Science in Chemistry (BSCHM)
Bachelor of Science in Economics (BSECO)
Bachelor of Science in Engineering Technology (BSET)
Bachelor of Science in Mathematics (BSMTH)
Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology (BSMT)
Bachelor of Science in Physics (BSPHY)
Bachelor of Social Work (BSW)
Master of Arts (MA)
Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Master of Education (MEd)
Master of Fine Arts (MFA)
Master of Journalism (MJ)
Master of Music (MM)
Master of Music Education (MMEd)
Master of Public Administration (MPA)
Master of Science (MS)
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Note: The degree abbreviations listed above are taken from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board Inventory of Approved Degree Programs for Texas Public Senior Colleges and Universities and may not match the UNT degree option abbreviations listed in the Schedule of Classes.

Program Options

Colleges and Schools

The University of North Texas is organized into the following colleges and schools.

These nine schools and colleges offer the degrees, majors, concentrations under majors, minors, certifications, endorsements and preprofessional programs listed below. See individual areas in this catalog for information about undergraduate offerings. Information about advanced offerings may be found in the Graduate Catalog.

General Degree Requirements

Writing Proficiency

UNT is committed to the discovery, acquisition, development, preservation and dissemination of knowledge and the enhancement of the intellectual, cultural and proficiency levels of all who enter its programs. Fulfilling this commitment will contribute to both a better society and a more rewarding pattern of individual life. As
students endeavor to complete their academic studies, they are expected to exhibit good written English skills in all university course work as a consideration in grading.

Graduation Under a Particular Catalog

A student may meet the graduation requirements noted in the catalog in effect at the time of admission to UNT or the requirements in any later catalog published before the student's graduation.

Any student transferring directly from a Texas public community college to UNT shall have the same choice of catalog designating degree requirements as the student would have had if the dates of attendance at the university had been the same as the dates of attendance at the community college. Transfer students from senior institutions or out-of-state community colleges will use the catalog in effect at their date of enrollment at UNT.

All requirements of the chosen catalog must be met within eight years of that catalog's publication. This catalog will expire at the close of the 2006 summer session.

Changes in either major or non-major requirements made necessary by altered or discontinued courses or by requirements imposed by external accrediting or certification agencies become effective for degree plan purposes at the beginning of the academic year immediately following the academic year in which the changes are published in the university catalog. The changes may include additions, deletions and other changes in prerequisite requirements for existing courses. Whenever possible, new requirements are implemented with a beginning class or upon the expiration of the appropriate time limit.

Texas Academic Skills Program (TASP)

Beginning in the fall of 1998, all undergraduate students who enter a public institution of higher education must take the Texas Academic Skills Program (TASP) test prior to enrolling in any college-level course work, unless they meet the Texas Higher Education Coordinationg Board exemptions in accordance with Texas law (Texas Education Code, S. 501. 306). The TASP test measures college-level skills in mathematics, reading and writing.

Students must participate continuously in a remedial program for those sections of the test not passed.

A student who fails any section of the TASP test cannot continue to enroll in upper-division courses, completion of which would give the student 60 or more college-level semester credit hours, until all skill sections of the TASP test have been passed.

Any student who does not take the TASP test before the appropriate deadline will not be permitted to enroll in any other course work for degree or certification credit at UNT or be permitted to enroll in any other Texas public institution of higher

education to pursue a degree or certification credit until the TASP test has been taken.

No student may graduate from a degree or certification program at UNT without having successfully passed all sections of the TASP test.

Exemptions

1. Students who have earned 3 or more hours of college-level credit prior to the fall semester of 1989.

2. Deaf or blind students who received credit for at least three (3) semester credit hours of college-level work prior to fall 1995. Beginning fall 1995, blind students again will be required to meet TASP requirements and deaf students will be required to take the Stanford Achievement Test in lieu of the TASP test.

3. ACT (American College Test): 23 or higher with math and English scores of no less than 19. Scores can be no more than 5 years old.

4. SAT I (Scholastic Assessment Test): For tests from April 1995 and later, a combined score of 1070 or higher with a minimum of 500 or higher on the verbal and math part scores. For tests prior to April 1995, a combined score of 970 or higher with a minimum verbal part score of 420 or higher and a minimum math part score of 470 or higher.

5. TAAS (Texas Assessment of Academic Skills): For tests beginning spring 1994 a scale score of TLI X-89 or higher in reading and TLI X-86 or higher in mathematics and 1780 or higher in writing. For tests prior to spring 1994, a scale score of 1780 or higher in all three applicable areas (reading, math and writing). Scores can be no more than 3 years old.

Teacher Education Program

Students seeking admission to state-approved teacher education programs in Texas must pass all three sections of the TASP test regardless of the number of semester credit hours earned prior to fall 1989. Teacher education students are exempt from this requirement if they meet qualifying standards on the ACT, SAT I or TAAS (see exemption information above).

Requirements of This Catalog

General University Requirements

1. A minimum of 124 semester hours.

2. Completion of all requirements in the university core curriculum (47-hour minimum) (see below).

3. A major of at least 24 semester hours. At least 12 hours of advanced work (3000/4000 level) in the major must be earned at UNT (except for the BAAS degree). See "Major" in the Academics section of this catalog.

4. A minor, if required for a particular undergraduate degree, of a minimum of 18 semester hours, including at least 6 hours of advanced work (3000/4000 level). For details, see the individual requirements under specific degree programs in this catalog.

5. A minimum of 42 semester hours of advanced work, 24 of which must be completed at UNT. Not more than 12 of the 24 advanced hours may be taken by extension (see "Extension Instruction" in the Academics section of this catalog). A lower-level course that, when transferred, is determined to be equivalent to a UNT upper-level course does not satisfy the requirement of advanced hours.

6. An official degree plan prepared by the academic dean. It is recommended that the degree plan be made no later than the beginning of the junior year.

7. A minimum grade point average of 2.000 (C) on all work attempted, including all transfer, correspondence, extension and residence work. It should be noted that the GPA that appears on grade reports and is used to determine the student's academic status, does not include correspondence, extension and transfer work. Thus, a 2.000 GPA on the grade report does not necessarily imply eligibility for graduation.

8. A minimum GPA of 2.000 (C) on all work at UNT. Transferred work may not be used to raise the GPA of work done at UNT.

9. Twenty-five percent of the university minimum of 124 semester hours (i.e., 31 hours) must be earned in residence.

10. Twenty-four of the hours to be earned in residence must be taken as part of the last 30 hours prior to graduation.

11. Proficiency in English composition as certified by the Student Use of English (SUE)/University Writing Center (UWC). To fulfill this university requirement, each candidate for graduation must have shown competence in written expression, either by earning satisfactory grades or by passing the SUE examination. All students who have earned a D in one or more of the two required, general education English courses that have a strong writing component (ENGL 1310, 1311, 1312, 1313, 1315, 1320, 1321, 1322, 1323, 1325, 2700 and 2702) must fulfill the SUE requirement in one of two ways.

The student may fulfill this requirement by (1) taking and passing the Student Use of English examination or by (2) repeating any course in which a D was earned and raising the grade to a C or better.

Students must present a degree plan when they apply to take the SUE examination. The SUE should be completed prior to the expected semester of graduation. The examination is given during all terms. A fee is charged for each examination. The SUE/UWC office is located in the Auditorium Building, Room 105.

Students may take the examination twice only during long terms and once only during any one summer session. Students may repeat the examination with the permission of the SUE/UWC director upon petition and evidence of having completed specific tutorial or equivalent work. Students who are transferring to UNT with more than 90 hours and who have earned a D in any of the basic English writing courses must take the examination during their first semester in residence.

University Core Curriculum Requirements

These requirements must be met by every student pursuing a baccalaureate degree at the University of North Texas, regardless of his or her major. A specific course may be used to satisfy only one core requirement. Individual academic programs may require courses contained in parts of the University Core Curriculum to satisfy particular degree requirements. Students may be required to take extra courses if they fail to select these courses.

The University of North Texas Core Curriculum ensures that all undergraduates are offered breadth and balance in a coherent, general and liberal education. To be educated is to be aware of the broad outlines of knowledge, the principles on which knowledge rests, the relative importance of elements within areas of knowledge and the relevance that one branch of knowledge has to another. Students must be broadly educated so that they may be prepared for responsible citizenship in an increasingly complex world.

The University of North Texas Core Curriculum promotes competence in reading, learning, critical thinking, computer use, mathematics, wellness, and oral and written communication. It supports the development of knowledge about and appreciation for history, society, politics, economics and geography. The Core Curriculum also acts to enrich the students' understanding of the physical and life sciences, literature, and visual and performing arts. It is designed to promote knowledge and appreciation of national and international cultural diversity, as well as one's social and moral responsibilities. The Core Curriculum acts to enrich and broaden UNT's tradition of providing thorough preparation in academic majors.

The Core Curriculum is described in the sections that follow. Please consult with individual colleges, schools, departments and programs for specific academic degree requirements.

Competencies

Students are expected to have certain minimum competencies to pursue an undergraduate education at UNT. Competencies may be demonstrated through the successful completion of required courses or by manifested proficiency. The continued development of these competencies should be a part of the whole UNT educational experience, involving the practice of core skills in the major or in electives, as well as in required courses. The competencies in the core curriculum include:

1. Reading and Critical Thinking

This objective should be accomplished throughout the curriculum, with all courses in the university core curriculum contributing to competence both in reading and in critical thinking.

a. Competence in reading. Reading at the college level includes the ability to analyze and interpret a wide variety of written material, within the context of a given area of disciplinary study.

b. Competence in critical thinking. Competence in critical thinking includes the ability to think logically and to organize and analyze information. This should include the identification of underlying assumptions, practice in logic, organization and analysis and exploring of alternatives.

2. Competence in Computer Use

Students should have proficiency in computer use regardless of their discipline. Students should consult their individual departments, schools or colleges to determine the mechanisms by which they can demonstrate this competency. A proficiency examination or completion of a department or college designated course may be required.

3. Competence in Oral Presentation

Students should have proficiency in oral communication skills, including appropriate speaking and presentation competencies. Students should consult with their individual departments, schools or colleges to determine the mechanisms by which they can demonstrate this competency. A proficiency examination or completion of a department or college designated course may be required.

Specific Requirements (47-Hour Minimum)

1. Written and Information Access (6 hours): This area addresses the ability to access information and write clearly, coherently and correctly. This requirement must be satisfied by credit in ENGL 1310-1320, 1311-1321, 1312-1322, 1313-1323 or 1315-1325. ENGL 2700 may be substituted for ENGL 1320 and ENGL 2702 may be substituted for 1322 upon approval of the school/college.

2. Literature (6 hours): This requirement must be satisfied by credit in ENGL 2210-2220, 2211-2221, or 2352-2362.

3. American History (6 hours): Texas state law requires that the university may not award a baccalaureate degree or a lesser degree or academic certificate unless the student has credit for six semester hours in American History. A student is entitled to submit as much as three hours of credit, or its equivalent, in Texas History in partial satisfaction of this requirement. The university may determine that a student has met the requirement by work transferred from another accredited college or upon successful completion of an advanced standing examination. The university may grant as much as three hours of credit in an approved senior ROTC unit. The student may satisfy the entire six hour American/Texas history requirement by advanced standing examination. This requirement may be satisfied by credit in HIST 2610 and 2620. Advanced U.S. History courses may be used to satisfy the 6 hour U.S. History legislative mandate. Texas History (HIST 4700) may substitute for 3 hours of U.S. History.

4. Political Science (6 hours): Texas state law requires the university may not award a baccalaureate degree or a lesser degree or academic certificate unless the student has completed six hours of credit in American Government to include consideration of the constitution of the United States and Texas. The university may determine that a student has met the requirement in whole or in part on the basis of credit transferred from another accredited college or upon successful completion of an advanced standing examination. The university may grant as much as three hours of credit toward satisfaction of this requirement for substantially equivalent work in an approved
senior ROTC unit. The student may satisfy the entire six hour political science requirement by advanced standing examination. Specific courses required are PSCI 1040 and 1050 (American Government) or PSCI 1041 and 1051 (Honors American Government); 3 advanced hours in American Government may be substituted for PSCI 1050.

5. Economics (3 hours): This requirement must be satisfied by credit in ECON 1110.

6. Physical and Life Sciences (6-8 hours): This requirement may be satisfied by 6-8 hours credit in laboratory science courses that meet the science requirement of the student's degree program.

7. Mathematics (3 hours): The ability to apply mathematical techniques to the analysis and solution of problems is common to all academic programs. This requirement may be satisfied by 3 hours credit in any university math course that meets the math requirements of the student's degree program.

8. Wellness (2 hours): This area develops lifetime wellness skills and habits that enhance both the quality and quantity of life. This requirement may be satisfied by 2 hours credit in any of the following:

9. Visual and Performing Arts (3 hours): This requirement may be satisfied by 3 hours credit in any of the following:*

10. Understanding of Ideas and Values (6 hours): Understanding of human ideas and values is important in the life of an educated individual.

From the following three groups, students must complete two courses. Each course must be from a different group.

Group I. Social Sciences and Philosophy (3 hours)*

Group II. Crosscultural and Global Studies (3 hours)*

* Please consult with individual colleges, schools, departments and programs for additional course options.

College or School Requirements

Students must satisfactorily complete all degree requirements specified by the school or college in which the degree is offered. In many instances, the college/school/department academic program requirements may exceed the university core requirements.

Individual academic programs may require courses contained in part of the University Core Curriculum to satisfy specific degree requirements. Students may be required to take additional courses if they fail to select these courses.

Degree Requirement Modifications Based on a Disability

In accordance with university policies, state and federal regulations [especially Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act] the University of North Texas endeavors to make reasonable academic adjustments for qualified students with disabilities who require accommodation in order to fulfill the requirements for a degree. Modification of degree requirements may be considered in instances where:

All requests for modification must be initiated in the office of the dean of the college or school in which the student is enrolled and must be filed early in the student's degree program. The dean has sole authority to make decisions for modifying college degree requirements, but no modification that compromises the integrity of the degree will be granted. Modifications of certification requirements cannot be considered by UNT and should be directed to the applicable agency.

Application for Graduation

Applications for graduation are available in the Registrar's Office and in the office of the dean of the school or college in which the candidate is enrolled. (See the Academic Calendar for degree application deadlines.)

Degree applications are accepted only from undergraduate students who have a minimum overall C average and approval of the Committee on Student Use of English. See "General University Requirements" in the Academics section of this catalog for grade point calculation details. Before applying, the student also must remove grades of I in required courses necessary for graduation if these courses increase the semester load beyond the maximum permitted.

Students otherwise eligible for graduation who complete their final course or courses elsewhere will not graduate at the end of the semester or summer term in which the work is completed because of the time required for obtaining transcripts; such students will have their degrees conferred at the close of a subsequent UNT semester.

August candidates who are not enrolled for the first summer term may file for graduation before the end of the spring semester. (See the Academic Calendar for specific dates.)

See the 1998-99 Tuition and Fee Register for graduation fee charges (available at the Bursar's Office in the Eagle Student Services Center.)

Requirements for a Second Bachelor's Degree

To be eligible for a second bachelor's degree, a student must meet all current catalog requirements for the second degree, including 12 hours of advanced courses in a field different from the major for the first bachelor's degree.

Degree Plan

The degree plan is an official document prepared in the office of the student's academic dean that lists courses completed, courses to be completed, proficiency examinations and all other requirements for a particular degree program. A student should have a degree plan prepared no later than the beginning of the junior year.

Grading System

UNT's grading system uses the letters A, B, C, D, F, P, NP, I, PR, W and WF. The letter Z is used to indicate that a grade was not properly received and/or recorded for a course.

A excellent work, four grade points for each semester hour.

B good work, three grade points for each semester hour.

C fair work, two grade points for each semester hour.

D passing work, one grade point for each semester hour.

F failure. Given when a student (1) has failed the course while still officially enrolled at the end of the semester; (2) is failing a course and misses the final examination without satisfactory explanation; or (3) stops attending class without processing an official drop or withdrawal.

P passed; a credit grade (1) on pass/no pass option, (2) on student teaching, and (3) in selected undergraduate and graduate individual problems, research, thesis and dissertation courses.

NP not passed; a failing grade on the pass/no pass option; non-punitive.

I incomplete; a non-punitive grade given only during the last one-fourth of a semester and only if a student (1) is passing the course; (2) has justifiable reason why the work cannot be completed on schedule; and (3) arranges with the instructor to finish the course at a later date by completing specific requirements that the instructor must list on the grade sheet. All work in the course must be completed within the specified time (not to exceed one year after taking the course). For detailed information on removal of I, see "Removal of I" in the Academics section of this catalog.

PR used to show that work is in process on thesis or dissertation in courses numbered 5950 and 6950. (Exception: MUGC 6951, 2, 3, 4.)

W drop or withdrawal without penalty. Given when a student drops a course or withdraws from the university prior to the end of the sixth week of classes (summer term, eight class sessions). See regulations for dropping and withdrawing. After that time the student must have a passing grade for the instructor to assign a grade of W for a dropped course; otherwise, the grade of WF is recorded.

WF drop or withdrawal with a failing grade. Instructor may drop a student with a grade of WF from courses for nonattendance. May be assigned after the sixth week of classes (summer term, eight class sessions). See regulations for dropping and withdrawing.

No grade points are allowed for grades F, I, NP, P, PR, W, WF or Z.

A complete record of all previously used grades and grading systems is detailed on the official transcript.

Grade Point Average

The overall grade point average is used to determine student class loads, eligibility for admission to the university and certain programs, and eligibility for graduation. It is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points by the total number of semester hours attempted. All GPA calculations are subject to post-audit and correction by the Registrar's Office.

The number of semester hours attempted includes all courses with grades of A, B, C, D, F and WF unless replaced by a later grade. Courses with grades of I, NP, P, PR, W or Z are not counted as courses attempted.

Academic Standards

Minimum standards have been set that a student must achieve at the end of a given enrollment period in order to remain in good academic standing. The Table of Minimum Academic Requirements and definitions of classification and minimum cumulative grade point average (CGPA) follow.

Classification for the purpose of establishing the minimum cumulative grade point average requirement for each student is determined by the sum of all hours attempted in residence in regularly graded courses at UNT, hours passed in pass/no pass graded courses at UNT, and hours transferred from other institutions. Not included in the definition of student classification for academic standards are hours granted by this university for extension and correspondence courses, service experience, advanced placement, credit by examination, CLEP or transfer hours attempted but not passed.

The CGPA upon which academic standards are based is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points earned in residence at UNT by the total number of hours attempted in residence at UNT. Excluded in this calculation are all courses in which the student received grades of I, NP, P, PR, W or Z. The cumulative grade point average as defined here is used only for determining a student's academic status and is not necessarily related to the grade point average that governs eligibility for graduation.

In calculating grade points, grades count as follows: A, four points per semester hour; B, three points; C, two points; D, one point; and F and WF, zero points.

A student is placed on academic probation at the end of any enrollment period in which the CGPA on work attempted in residence at this university does not equal or exceed the minimum specified for the appropriate classification hours as shown in the following table.

Table of Minimum Academic Requirements

The following is a listing of the minimum UNT cumulative grade point average (CGPA).

Classification (Hours) Minimum CGPA

29 or less 1.8

30 or more 2.0

Additional information concerning academic status is available from the offices of the academic deans or the Registrar's Office. All CGPA and academic status calculations are subject to post-audit and correction by the Registrar's Office.

Regulations Governing Students on Academic Probation

Academic probation is an emphatic warning that the quality of the student's work during the probationary semester must improve in order to continue.

A student is removed from academic probation at the end of any long-session semester or summer-session term during which the CGPA is raised to the minimum prescribed level in the Table of Minimum Academic Requirements for the proper classification hours at the end of that semester or term.

A student remains on academic probation after any probationary semester in which at least a 2.25 GPA is earned for that semester but the prescribed minimum CGPA for the student's classification hours at the end of that semester or term is not achieved.

A student who, during a probationary summer term, fails to raise the CGPA to the classification minimum required at the end of that term is continued on probation.

A student who, during a probationary fall or spring semester, fails to raise the CGPA to the minimum standard prescribed for the appropriate classification at the end of that semester or who also fails to make at least a 2.25 GPA for that semester is automatically suspended from UNT for one or more semesters of a long session.

The grade report distributed at the end of each semester includes the student's academic status and a data summary on which the status is based. Each student is responsible for knowing whether the minimum CGPA for the proper classification hours has been achieved and whether the student is eligible to re-enroll in the university. Any student who enrolls when ineligible will be withdrawn by the Registrar, and no special consideration will be given to such a student on a plea of ignorance of academic status. If the cumulative record is believed incorrect, the student should see the Registrar.

Regulations Governing Students Under Academic Suspension

A student suspended from the university for the first time for failure to meet the standards prescribed above may not re-enroll for the following long-session semester. The second suspension is for two long-session semesters, and the third suspension is for an indefinite period of time.

A student who has been suspended from the University of North Texas for an indefinite period may request, at the end of two calendar years from the time of the suspension, a review of the case by the appropriate academic dean.

Each student is responsible for knowing the minimum CGPA requirements and the standards for academic standing. Any ineligible student who enrolls during a long-session semester is withdrawn by the Registrar regardless of whether the student has registered or preregistered and paid fees. No suspended student may enroll in or continue extension courses at UNT. The student should be aware that course work taken at another institution while the student is suspended from the University of North Texas may not apply to a degree.

A student who re-enters UNT after having been suspended will be on academic probation.

A suspended student may attend UNT summer terms and may be reinstated by raising the CGPA to the minimum standard prescribed for the proper classification hours at the end of that term.

Course Duplications

A student may take a course a second or subsequent time. The responsibility for initiating the official recording of a grade duplication lies entirely with the student. However, the Registrar's Office may post duplications at the request of the student's adviser or to update academic status. In the absence of such a request, the Registrar includes a repeated course in the student's cumulative record of hours attempted and grade points earned. The Registrar includes without exception any course repeated more than once in the student's cumulative record of hours attempted and grade points earned. Departments may count the highest grade for departmental GPA
requirements; however, the academic dean uses only the last grade recorded in certifying the student's eligibility for graduation.

Status Changes Due to Course Duplications

A course duplication recorded on or before the last class day of any fall or spring semester or summer term will be reflected in the hours attempted and grade points earned at the beginning of that semester or term.

If a student who is on probation requests the posting of course duplications, and the resulting adjusted CGPA equals or exceeds the minimum academic standard for the proper classification hours, the probation will be removed if the student notifies the Registrar's Office on or before the last day of classes for that semester or term. Otherwise, the student will remain on probation for that enrollment period and be subject to attendant penalties.

If a student is suspended at the end of a semester during which the student has repeated a course and the posting of that duplication will result in a CGPA that would have been sufficient to be continued on probation at the end of that semester (or to be cleared), the student will be reinstated if the student requests the duplication and applies for reinstatement at the Registrar's Office before the last day of that semester. The delayed posting of transfer course duplications completed during prior enrollment periods cannot be used to avoid the consequences of a negative suspension history and therefore as a basis for reinstatement.

Academic Standards for Transfer Students

Beginning UNT freshmen who have 12 or fewer hours of transfer credit, excluding non-traditional credit, will be admitted in good academic standing provided they meet other admissions requirements. Transfer students admitted to UNT in good standing are subject to the same minimum academic standards requirements as continuing students. Thus, if at the end of the first enrollment period a transfer student's grade point average on all work attempted at UNT does not meet the minimum specified in the Table of Minimum Academic Requirements for the proper classification hours at that time, the student is placed on academic probation for the next period of enrollment.

Transfer students admitted to UNT on academic probation are evaluated at the end of their first long semester in attendance, at which time they are either cleared from probation or suspended. To avoid academic suspension, the student must make a CGPA on all work attempted at UNT equal to or greater than the minimum for the appropriate classification hours as shown in the Table of Minimum Academic Requirements.

Additional information concerning academic status is available from the offices of the academic deans or the Registrar's Office.

Transfer Hours from Another Institution

Students who complete work at another institution, to be applied toward a bachelor's degree at the University of North Texas, should make sure that the appropriate officer of the other institution furnishes to the Office of Admissions at the University of North Texas a complete official transcript of such work.

The admissions office determines acceptable transfer credit from other institutions based on evaluation of course content as described in the catalogs of those institutions and in consultation with appropriate academic units at UNT as necessary for clarification. Transfer credit may only be received for course work completed at an accredited institution of higher education. The student's academic dean determines applicability of the credit to a degree program. Students seeking a Bachelor of Applied Arts and Sciences (BAAS) degree should refer to the special provisions of the respective degree programs.

Students who have begun residence work at UNT and who have attained junior standing may, only with the prior written consent of their academic dean, enroll in and transfer hours from approved two-year colleges.

Grade points earned at other institutions are excluded in the computations of the CGPA, but transfer hours accepted are included in determining the classification and minimum required level of performance.

Former students of UNT who are readmitted after attending other institutions must meet the same minimum academic standards as continuing students. Depending upon the latest academic status at UNT, a former student may be readmitted in good standing or on probation, or denied re-admission on the basis of work at other institutions.

Additional information concerning academic status is available from the offices of the academic deans or the Registrar's Office.

Because of the time required for receipt of transcripts, students otherwise eligible for graduation who complete their last course or courses elsewhere do not graduate at the end of the semester or summer session in which the work is completed, but receive their degrees at the close of a subsequent UNT semester or summer session.

Advanced-Hour Credit

A lower-level course that is substituted for a UNT upper-level course may not be used to satisfy advanced-hour requirements.

Effects of Withdrawal on Academic Status

Any student who withdraws from UNT prior to the end of the sixth week of classes (summer term, eight class sessions) is given grades of W and is not penalized with a reduced CGPA. Any student who withdraws after this period, but at least two weeks before the first day of final exams (summer term, six class sessions prior to finals), is given grades of W or WF depending upon the student's grade average at the time of withdrawal. Grades of WF are included as hours attempted in calculating a student's minimum UNT cumulative grade point average required to remain in good standing. A student who does not officially withdraw from the university is held responsible for grades of F and is placed on probation or suspended from the university if the grades of F bring the CGPA below the minimum required. Official dates and deadlines for withdrawal are listed in the Academic Calendar.

Grade Reports

A grade report for each student is mailed to the permanent address at the close of each semester. It includes a statement of current academic status. If the grade report or the academic status is believed to be in error, the student should contact the Registrar's Office within 30 days following the first class day of the succeeding semester.

At midsemester in the long session, instructors may provide individual written warnings to students who are doing unsatisfactory class work. These warnings are mailed from the Registrar's Office upon request by the instructor.

Transcripts

Transcripts may be ordered in person at the Registrar's Office or by written request. Transcripts are $4 per copy for official or unofficial copies. When ordering a transcript through the mail, include your full name, student ID number, birth date, first and last semester and year enrolled at UNT, complete directions where to mail the transcript, your signature, and a check or money order for the appropriate amount ($4 per copy) payable to UNT. Mail the written request to:

University of North Texas
Registrar's Office
Attention: Transcripts
P.O. Box 311400
Denton, TX 76203-1400

All financial or administrative obligations to the university must be taken care of before an official transcript can be released. If you have any questions concerning transcripts, please contact the Registrar's Office at (940) 565-2344.

Grade Books

University policy requires that grade books be retained by the departmental chair for five years.

Tests

University policy requires that departments retain tests for one year after the semester has been completed or return tests to students. If the tests are returned, students are responsible for producing the tests should a grade appeal be necessary.

Grade Appeals

1. Any student who believes a grade has been inequitably awarded should first contact the instructor who awarded the grade to discuss the issue and attempt to resolve the differences. Any instructor no longer associated with UNT at the time of the appeal will be represented in these proceedings by the chair of the department in question. A student not in residence the semester following the awarding of the grade or a resident student who is unable to resolve the differences with the instructor has 30 days following the first class day of the succeeding semester to file a written appeal with the chair of the instructor's department, or the equivalent administrative unit.

2. The chair may follow any of the four procedures below, or a combination of them:

a. The chair may confer with the instructor; or

b. The chair may request that the instructor submit a written reply to the student's complaint; or

c. The chair may conduct a meeting of the two parties; or

d. The chair may refer the case directly to the appropriate departmental committee, as outlined below.

In following either procedure a, b or c above, the chair should make a judgment on the merits of the case and recommend a specific action in regard to the disputed grade. Either the student or the instructor may appeal the recommendations of the chair.

3. The appropriate departmental committee to hear cases sent directly to it by the chair or appealed to it by either the student or the instructor shall be constituted as follows and shall perform the following duties.

a. It shall be an ad hoc committee consisting of two faculty members from the department in which the grade is being questioned, one of those members to be chosen by the student and one to be chosen by the instructor. If either party to the dispute declines to choose a member of the committee, the department chair will select that member. The third faculty member of the committee, who shall serve as chair, will be chosen either from within or without the department by agreement of the student and the instructor. If they cannot agree upon this third member, the member is chosen by the chair of the department, with the proviso that the student and the instructor may agree to stipulate that the third member of the committee be chosen from a related department rather than the department in question.

b. This ad hoc committee should require written statements from each participant in the dispute. Judgments may be rendered upon the basis of these statements, upon other evidence submitted in support of the statements and upon the basis of an oral hearing, if such a hearing seems necessary.

c. The committee must make a recommendation for disposition of the case within 30 days of its appointment.

d. All records in the case will be filed with the chair of the department in which the grade was originally awarded.

4. Either party to the dispute has 15 days following the rendering of the ad hoc committee recommendation to appeal that recommendation to the dean of the respective college, if the appeal is based solely upon alleged violations of established procedures. Substantive matters, up to and including the refusal of the instructor to act in accordance with the ad hoc committee's recommendation or the student's refusal to accept the verdict, may not be appealed to the dean.

5. The dean of the college in question, after a review of the submitted written materials (and oral hearings if desired), shall make within 15 days a ruling about procedural questions. Said ruling may be appealed by either the student or the instructor to an ad hoc committee composed of three faculty members appointed by the dean and representing departments other than the one in which the disputed grade was awarded and three students appointed by the Committee on Committees of the Student Association.

a. This ad hoc committee will have 30 days from the date of its appointment to complete its work.

b. This committee shall operate within the guidelines set out for departmental ad hoc committees in 3b above.

c. All rulings made by this committee regarding procedural questions shall be final.

d. All documents related to the case shall be returned to the chair of the originating department for department files.

Grade Changes

No grade except I may be removed from a student's record once properly recorded. Changes are not permitted after grades have been filed except to correct clerical errors.

Requests for error correction must be initiated immediately after the close of the semester for which the grade was recorded.

A faculty member who believes an error has been made in calculating or recording a grade may submit in person a request for a grade change to the department chair and the appropriate dean. The Registrar accepts requests for grade changes only from the academic deans.

Removal of I

A student may remove a grade of I within one year by completing the stipulated work, obtaining the I removal form from the dean's office, paying a fee at the Bursar's Office and returning the form to the instructor. The instructor then records the final grade and obtains the department chair's signature. The instructor's academic dean completes processing with the Registrar's Office, where the grade point average is adjusted accordingly. If a student does not complete the stipulated work within the time specified (not to exceed one year after taking the course), the instructor may change the grade of I to a grade that carries credit or assign a grade of F if appropriate. The GPA is adjusted accordingly.

A student who could not complete final examinations because of illness may remove a grade of I without payment of the fee. The academic dean is authorized to waive the fee upon certification of illness signed by the attending physician.

Pass/No Pass Option

1. Any undergraduate student in good standing with a C average or better on all work attempted in residence at UNT may schedule one course a semester on the pass/no pass option. Incoming freshmen also may elect this option. Graduating seniors may elect more than one pass/no pass course during their final semester.

2. A maximum of 18 semester hours of credit under the pass/no pass option may be applied toward the bachelor's degree. Only courses to be counted as free electives on the student's degree plan may be scheduled under the student option.

3. Students receive credit for courses successfully completed under the pass/no pass option, but these hours are not used in calculating the grade point average.

4. Instructors are not told which students are enrolled under the pass/no pass option, and all students are graded alike. If a student receives a grade of D or better from the instructor, the student's transcript shows the course has been passed (P). If the course is not passed, the record shows NP and the hours attempted are not used in calculating the grade point average.

5. The pass/no pass option for a particular course is elected at the time of registration. A student may request a change to the regular grading system anytime before the end of the sixth week of classes or the corresponding point of a summer term. If a student is registered in a course under the regular grading system, a change to the pass/no pass option may be requested anytime before the end of the sixth week of classes or the corresponding point of a summer term, provided eligibility requirements 1 and 2 above are met. (See dates in the Academic Calendar section of this catalog.)

6. A student may not repeat under the pass/no pass option any course taken previously under the regular grading system unless a grade of W was received in that course.

7. A student who changes majors is not automatically denied credit for a pass/no pass course that becomes a degree plan requirement for the new major. The decision about a course meeting a requirement for the student's new major is made by the academic dean. However, in no circumstances is a grade of P changed to a letter grade.

8. Transfer students have the same pass/no pass privileges and restrictions, but they must successfully complete 31 semester hours of regular graded courses at UNT to be eligible for graduation.

9. Graduate students may enroll under the pass/no pass option for undergraduate courses that are not required as a deficiency makeup or as a graduate degree requirement.

Dean's List

Students completing at least 12 hours of class work in regularly graded courses taken in residence during the long session with a grade point average of 4.0 are eligible for recognition on the president's list. Students with a grade point average of 3.5 or above are eligible for recognition on the dean's list. Students are notified of this recognition by the chancellor or the appropriate academic dean.

Graduation with Honors

Candidates for graduation whose overall grade point average, based on grades earned in University of North Texas resident credit courses and transferred resident credit courses, is at least 3.500 but less than 3.800 are eligible to graduate cum laude; those whose GPA, as defined above, is at least 3.800 but less than 4.000 are eligible to graduate magna cum laude; and those whose GPA, as defined above, is 4.000 (all A's) are eligible to graduate summa cum laude.

Hours earned through correspondence and extension courses, or pass/no pass courses, may not be counted in calculating the GPA for determination of eligibility for graduation with honors. Candidates for a second bachelor's degree are not eligible for graduation with honors.

Public Information Policy and Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

Pursuant to the provisions and intent of Chapter 552, Texas Government Code, known as the Public Information Act, and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 as amended, known as the Buckley Amendment, the university has established a policy relating to the accessibility of student information in the custody of the University of North Texas. The UNT FERPA Policy Statement appears in its entirety in the 1998-99 Student Guidebook. Information not covered by FERPA will be released only in accordance with the policy on public information found in policy number 10.6 of the UNT Policy Manual (available in the library and in most departmental offices). Requests for such information must be made in writing.

Directory information regarding the student will be provided to the public upon request unless the student files a request in the Registrar's Office asking to be excluded from the directory or from any other requests for open directory information from outside entities. The request should be submitted prior to the 12th class day in fall and spring terms or the 4th class day in summer terms. A request to withhold information may be submitted after the
stated deadline for a term, but information may be released between the deadline and receipt of the request. The file of a student who has asked to be excluded from the directory will remain flagged as such until the student requests that the flag be removed.

Directory information consists of a student's full name, address, e-mail address, telephone number, date and place of birth, major field of study, classification, participation in officially recognized activities and sports, weight and height of athletic team members, dates of attendance, degrees, awards received, the last educational agency or institution attended previous to UNT and photograph.

UNT will disclose information from a student's education records only with the written consent of the student, except:

1. to UNT personnel who have an educational interest in the records;

2. to the student;

3. to the student's parent or legal guardian if the student is a dependent for income tax purposes of the parent or legal guardian;

4. to officials of another school, upon request, in which a student seeks or intends to enroll;

5. to certain officials of the U.S. Department of Education, the Comptroller General and state and local educational authorities, in connection with certain state or federally supported education programs;

6. in connection with a student's request for or receipt of financial aid, as necessary to determine the eligibility, amount or conditions of the financial aid, or to enforce the terms and conditions of the aid;

7. if required by a state law requiring disclosure that was adopted before November 19, 1974;

8. to organizations conducting certain studies for or on behalf of the university;

9. to accrediting organizations to carry out their functions;

10. to comply with a judicial order or a lawfully issued subpoena;

11. to an alleged victim of any crime of violence, the results of any institutional disciplinary proceedings against the alleged perpetrator of that crime with respect to that crime.

For information regarding the university's policy on access to records and to request accessibility to university records, contact the Office of the Vice Chancellor and General Counsel, UNT.

Cooperative Education

The university offers off-campus learning opportunities (paid internships) through the Cooperative Education Program. Cooperative education experiences are processes of education that formally integrate students' academic studies with practical experience in participating organizations. Through this integration of study and practical experience, students may enhance their academic knowledge, their personal development and their professional preparation. The teaching faculty and on-site supervisors share in the education of cooperative education students.

Alternating semester (full-time), parallel (part-time) and summer (full-time or part-time) positions are available through the program for undergraduate students who have a 2.5 or higher grade point average and have completed at least 12 hours at UNT. Graduate students must be admitted to a graduate degree program, have a 3.0 or higher GPA and must have completed at least 9 semester hours.

Openings are available primarily for juniors, seniors and graduate students. Students should begin their co-op experience at least one year prior to graduation. All positions listed through the Cooperative Education Program are paid positions.

No more than 12 credit hours for bachelor's degree candidates and six credit hours for master's degree candidates may be earned through internships. Internship credit hours may be applied as part of the major or professional field, approved supporting courses, as free electives, or as academic credit in addition to degree requirements, as determined by the appropriate academic dean.

For further information, contact Cooperative Education, Chilton Hall, Room 204.

Center for Continuing Education and Conference Management

The Center for Continuing Education and Conference Management provides the administrative structure for continuing education academic programs to meet professional education and career development requirements of adult groups.

Continuing education programs (conferences, seminars, workshops, etc.) for all of the schools and colleges of the university are coordinated by the center. This assistance includes financial planning in accordance with official university procedures; arrangements for housing, food service, meeting space, transportation and audiovisual equipment; and assistance with preregistration and on-site registration.

Continuing education credit is awarded by the center, and these records, which are kept on permanent file, are reported to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools as an important part of the accreditation process.

Numerous minicourses on general interest topics and programs, including extension credit, also are major emphases.

The center is responsible for arranging and scheduling the use of university facilities for all off-campus groups and for on-campus groups for purposes other than credit classes.

The Center for Continuing Education and Conference Management is located in Chilton Hall, Room 289. For additional information, call (940) 565-2656 or write to the director, P.O. Box 305344, Denton, TX 76203-5344.

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