College of Business Administration

Main Office

Business Administration Building, 123

P.O. Box 311160

Denton, TX 76203-1160

(940) 565-2110

Web site: www.coba.unt.edu

Jared E. Hazleton, Dean

Marcia Staff, Associate Dean

Mary Thibodeaux, Associate Dean

Richard E. White, Associate Dean

The College of Business Administration offers graduate programs leading to the following degrees:

The college is accredited by the AACSB­ The International Association for Management Education [600 Emerson Road, Suite 300; St. Louis, MO 63141-6762; (314) 872-8481] at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.

The Department of Accounting holds professional accreditation by the AACSB­ The International Association for Management Education at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Responding to a great demand by people employed in the Dallas­Fort Worth­Denton area, the College of Business Administration inaugurated an evening schedule of graduate classes in 1960. Since that time, individuals employed on a full-time basis have been able to earn Master of Business Administration degrees by scheduling classes entirely in the evenings.

For further information about evening classes, contact the Academic Advising Office of the College of Business Administration or the dean of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies.

Admission Requirements

Admission Deadlines

Before being admitted to either a master's or a doctoral program in the College of Business Administration, the applicant must meet the requirements for admission to the School of Graduate Studies.

All students seeking on-time registration must submit application materials according to the dates specified in the Admission section of this catalog. Students submitting applications after these dates, if accepted, will have to register during the late registration period and pay a late registration fee.

Criteria for Admission to Master's Degree Programs

In the determination of an applicant's eligibility for admission to the School of Graduate Studies for the MBA/MS degree, the following measures are of critical importance:

1. Overall undergraduate grade point average (GPA) and GPA on approximately the last 60 semester hours. (The academic record must meet minimum requirements of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies.)

2. A satisfactory score on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Scores more than 10 years old (seven years for the Master of Science with a major in accounting) at the time of application for admission will not be considered.

All departments except Business Computer Information Systems (BCIS) require a minimum of the 25th percentile on the verbal portion of the GMAT. The BCIS department requires a minimum of the 40th percentile on both verbal and quantitative portions of the GMAT.

3. Applicants whose native language is not English must either present a score of at least 550 on the Test of English as a Foreign Language or be a graduate of a college or university in the United States.

Procedure for Applying

Students may enter the master's degree programs at the beginning of any semester or summer term. Applicants should complete the requirements listed below and meet the deadlines set forth in "Admission Deadlines" above.

1. Obtain admission to the university and the School of Graduate Studies by filing the following items with the School of Graduate Studies:

a. complete official transcripts of college and university credits;

b. application for admission to the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies; and

c. application forms, instructions and other necessary materials that may be obtained from the dean of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies.

2. File the results of the Graduate Management Admission Test with the dean of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies. Information about the GMAT may be obtained from the dean of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies or the College of Business Administration Academic Advising Office. Undergraduate students who intend to enter a master's degree program in the College of Business Administration should take the GMAT in the final semester of the senior year. Students who hold an undergraduate degree and intend to enter a master's degree program in the College of Business Administration must file a GMAT score in sufficient time for the graduate admission application to be considered prior to the semester of intended first enrollment.

Students admitted under the graduate non-degree (GNDE) classification may take up to twelve hours of 5000-level business courses prior to admission in the MBA program or other graduate programs. The twelve hours chosen may consist of the leveling courses or the 36 hours required of the MBA/MS degree. No additional 5000-level business courses may be taken prior to admission to a graduate degree program. See Graduate Degree Program Adviser for further information. Minimum GPA requirements must be met as listed above.

Comprehensive Examination

Candidates in all business administration master's degree programs are required to complete BUSI 5190, Administrative Strategy, with a minimum grade of C for the course and a minimum grade of B for the comprehensive experience. This course must be taken during the student's last semester in order to meet the comprehensive examination requirement of the College of Business Administration and the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies.

The Academic Advising Office of the College of Business Administration can furnish information concerning the comprehensive examination.

Minimum Academic Standards for Master's Students

The master's programs in the College of Business Administration require that a student maintain a minimum grade point average of 3.0 (B) or better. The master's program committee of the College of Business Administration will recommend withdrawal of a student from the master's program if the student receives two course grades below C (for purposes of this rule, the first grade received in a course is used).

Master's students may not graduate with more than two Cs in their program requirements, although a course may be repeated to raise a grade of C or less.

Master's students whose academic performance falls below a cumulative 3.0 GPA on all graduate work attempted will be notified by the College of Business Administration Academic Advising Office that they have been placed on academic probation. Probationary students will be blocked for registration purposes and must obtain an advising clearance form from their departmental adviser to remove this block. Students who register for courses other than those permitted by advisement will be administratively withdrawn from the courses.

The probation status is removed when the student's cumulative GPA on all graduate work attempted has been raised to 3.0 or better.

Students will remain on probation and be allowed to re-enroll for a subsequent semester as long as they achieve a minimum 3.0 GPA on all graduate work attempted during the semester even if their overall graduate GPA remains under 3.0.

Students on probation who fail to make a 3.0 GPA in graduate work attempted during a semester (fall, spring or summer) will be notified by the College of Business Administration Academic Advising Office that they have been placed on academic suspension for one long semester (fall or spring) during which the student may not enroll at UNT.

Probationary students who have previously been placed on suspension will be notified by the College of Business Administration Academic Advising Office that they have been terminated from the program should they fail to make a 3.0 GPA on all graduate work attempted during an academic semester (fall, spring or summer). A suspended student may reapply to a College of Business Administration master's program after a period of three years from the date of suspension.

Course work taken at another university by a student on suspension cannot be applied toward the degree program.

Degree ProgramsMaster of Business Administration

Objectives

The complexities of the economic, social and scientific world of today are increasing the demand of the business community for students with advanced business degrees. The overall objective of the graduate program leading to the Master of Business Administration degree is to prepare its graduates to serve effectively in the business world or in the business aspects of government or other agencies. The specific objectives are as follows:

1. to provide the candidate with the theory, principles and knowledge required for effective management of modern business;

2. to develop an appreciation for the role and responsibilities of business leaders in the social and economic order; and

3. to foster the techniques of basing decision and action on careful analysis of pertinent data.

Background Requirements

A bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and admission to the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies of the university are needed for graduate standing. The Master of Business Administration degree requires, as a minimum background, the equivalent of the Common Body of Knowledge in Business Administration. Students may have acquired this background in their undergraduate programs by the completion of courses equivalent in content to UNT's business foundation requirements for the bachelor's degree in business administration.

Graduate students should remove any deficiencies by completing special courses at the 5000 level designed for this purpose. Contact the College of Business Administration Graduate Programs Office for any current changes in these courses. These graduate courses in the College of Business Administration, plus the background course in economics follow.

In addition to the core topics shown above, the nature of the MBA program requires that the student possess a strong background in mathematics, including algebra, basic calculus, and statistics. The student must also possess proficiency in computer skills, including word processing, spreadsheet and database software. Finally, the program requires students to possess communication skills that allow one to identify relevant information and, in turn, to provide that information to others in written or verbal format. It is the student's responsibility to acquire these competencies prior to taking courses in the program of study. These competencies will be assumed. However, the professional field advisers will recommend courses for students not possessing the competencies.

Additional advanced undergraduate courses in the proposed major field may be required as prerequisite work of students who have a different specialization at the undergraduate level or who hold a bachelor's degree in some area other than business administration.

Background requirements must be removed prior to enrollment in courses that count as part of the 36 semester hours required for a master's degree, unless the consent of the major field adviser is first obtained.

Program Requirements

Students are required to complete the following core courses.

The remaining 18 hours of graduate course work may be used to pursue specialized interests in the following areas of concentration.

Program Approval

Each graduate student must receive counseling prior to registration each semester.

During the first semester of a master's program, the student must submit a degree plan, through the professional field adviser. The degree plan must be approved by the associate dean of the Academic Advising Office of the College of Business Administration and by the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies. A maximum of 6 hours of transfer work may be applied toward the 36-hour portion of the program. The final decision on applicability of transfer work rests with the professional field adviser.

To enroll in graduate courses, the student must be counseled by a professional field adviser. Any degree plan change must have prior consent. Specific information about degree plan changes may be obtained from the professional field adviser or the College of Business Administration Academic Advising Office.

Admission to candidacy is granted by the dean of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies only after the degree plan has been approved.

Professional Fields for the MBA Degree

The terms professional field (MBA degree programs) and major (MS degree programs) are used to designate the primary area of study.

For specific course and professional field/major requirements, see the respective departmental sections that follow.

Master of Science with a Major in Accounting

The Master of Science with a major in accounting is designed to provide an appropriate base of knowledge for entry into the accounting profession. Students earning this degree will have completed an educational program consistent with recommendations from professional accountants and accounting educators, and will be prepared for entry into careers as professional accountants either as public or management accountants or as internal auditors within the public or private sector.

The program is open to any qualified student who has an interest in professional accounting, regardless of the student's previous program of study. Every student completing the program will have fulfilled the professional program requirements outlined below.

Prospective students may contact the Professional Programs Office of the Department of Accounting for an estimate of the program requirements and the length of time required to complete the program.

Admission Requirements

Students may apply for admission to the MS program in either of two ways. Students pursuing the five-year, 154-semester-hour program are admitted to the graduate portion of the program upon satisfactory completion of 103 hours of the 118-hour undergraduate portion of the professional program. Students who previously have earned a baccalaureate (or higher) degree from an accredited institution in any discipline may apply for admission directly to the graduate portion of the program.

Students who meet the following requirements may be admitted to the MS with a major in accounting program:

1. admission to UNT and to the School of Graduate Studies;

2. completion of the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) with a satisfactory score. The GMAT score must not be more than seven years old and the student must have a score of 25 percent or more on the verbal portion of the GMAT. International students must have a TOEFL score of 550 or more, or a previous degree from an American university; and

3. admission by the Department of Accounting.

Admission to the graduate program in accounting is attained by meeting one of the following admission standards: overall GPA x GMAT = 1475 points or better; or last 60 hours GPA x GMAT = 1525 points or better. Students in the integrated professional program (BS/MS) must meet the following progression standard in addition to meeting one of the admission standards listed above: undergraduate overall GPA of 2.8; or last 60 hour GPA of 3.0 and undergraduate advanced accounting GPA of 3.0.

The final decision regarding admission to the MS with a major in accounting program rests with the Department of Accounting.

Degree Requirements

The student earning the MS with a major in accounting must meet the following requirements:

1. completion of leveling courses in accounting and business as necessary;

2. completion of at least 36 semester hours of graduate work beyond leveling courses assigned by the department;

3. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all graduate work taken at UNT;

4. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all accounting courses taken at UNT after admission to graduate school;

5. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all courses taken for graduate credit;

6. at least 15 hours in 5000-level accounting courses at UNT; and

7. minimum academic standards for master's students.

Leveling Courses

Students entering the MS with a major in accounting, after obtaining an undergraduate degree, may need to complete background courses in accounting or business before beginning the 36-hour program of study. Some or all of the following courses may be assigned to remedy deficiencies.

The Professional Program

The 36-hour program for the MS in accounting varies with the specialty area chosen. However, a minimum of 15 semester hours of 5000-level accounting must be taken. General requirements include the following:

Accounting Requirements

Other Requirements

Presently the department offers specialty areas in:

Detailed information on requirements of each specialty area are available from the Professional Programs Office (accounting). Students with areas of interest not represented above are invited to consult with an accounting adviser.

Master of Science with a Major in Decision Technologies

The Master of Science with a major in decision technologies is designed to provide an appropriate base of knowledge for entry into the decision sciences profession. The program is intended for those students who desire a strong, specialist degree in operational and strategic decision making. Decision technologies blends theory and application, using modeling techniques to structure management problems and decisions. It combines information technology, computer science, statistics, management science, operations research and problem solving. Decision technologies studies individual and group decision making, expert and decision support systems, and human interaction with technology in all areas of business. Because of its specialization and focus, the Master of Science with a major in information technologies differs significantly from an MBA program, which is designed for those students who desire a more general management background.

Admission Requirements

In the determination of an applicant's eligibility for admission to the School of Graduate Studies for the MS with a major in decision technologies, the following measures are of critical importance.

1. Overall undergraduate grade point average (GPA) and GPA on approximately the last 60 semester hours. (The academic record must meet minimum requirements of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies.)

2. A satisfactory score on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Scores more than 10 years old at the time of application for admission will not be considered. Admission to the program is attained by meeting one of the following admission standards: overall GPA x 200 + GMAT (450 minimum) = 1050 points or better.

The Department of Business Computer Information Systems (BCIS) requires a minimum of the 75th percentile on the quantitative portions of the GMAT for admission into the MS with a major in decision technologies.

3. A score of 550 on the Test of English as a Foreign Language for students whose native language is not English.

Degree Requirements

The student earning the MS with a major in decision technologies must meet the following requirements:

1. completion of leveling courses in BCIS and business as necessary;

2. completion of at least 36 semester hours of graduate work beyond leveling courses assigned by the department;

3. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all graduate work taken at UNT;

4. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all BCIS courses taken at UNT after admission to graduate school;

5. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all courses taken for graduate credit; and

6. minimum academic standards for master's students.

Background Requirements

A bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and admission to the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies of the university are needed for graduate standing. The Master of Science with a major in decision technologies degree requires the equivalent of MATH 1190 and the following business courses:

Students may have acquired this background in their undergraduate programs by the completion of courses equivalent in content to UNT's business foundation requirements for the bachelor's degree in business administration. In addition students are required to have a working knowledge of computer-based business tools and at least one course in a programming language (C, FORTRAN or a similar language).

Program Requirements

Foundation Sequence (12 hours)

Major Elective Sequence (12 hours)

Application (12 hours)

Twelve hours of electives must be selected from business, computer science or engineering technology, that are technically oriented, complementary to the program, and approved by the department as elective courses.

Students who have already taken the equivalent of any foundation course will substitute an appropriate course, subject to BCIS department approval.

Master of Science with a Major in Information Technologies

The Master of Science with a major in information technologies is designed to provide an appropriate base of knowledge for entry into the management information systems profession. The program is intended for those students who desire a strong, specialist degree in the strategic management of information technology. Because of its specialization and focus, the Master of Science with a major in information technologies differs significantly from an MBA program, which is design for those students who desire a more general management background.

Admission Requirements

In the determination of an applicant's eligibility for admission to the School of Graduate Studies for the MS with a major in decision technologies, the following measures are of critical importance.

1. Overall undergraduate grade point average (GPA) and GPA on approximately the last 60 semester hours. (The academic record must meet minimum requirements of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies.)

2. A satisfactory score on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Scores more than 10 years old at the time of application for admission will not be considered. Admission to the program is attained by meeting one of the following admission standards: overall GPA x 200 + GMAT (450 minimum) = 1050 points or better

The Department of Business Computer Information Systems (BCIS) requires a minimum of the 75th percentile on the quantitative portions of the GMAT for admission into the MS with a major in decision technologies.

3. A score of 550 on the Test of English as a Foreign Language for students whose native language is not English.

Degree Requirements

The student earning the MS with a major in decision technologies must meet the following requirements:

1. completion of leveling courses in BCIS and business as necessary;

2. completion of at least 36 semester hours of graduate work beyond leveling courses assigned by the department;

3. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all graduate work taken at UNT;

4. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all BCIS courses taken at UNT after admission to graduate school;

5. a GPA of at least a 3.0 on all courses taken for graduate credit; and

6. minimum academic standards for master's students.

Background Requirements

A bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and admission to the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies of the university are needed for graduate standing. The Master of Science with a major in information technologies degree requires the equivalent of MATH 1190 and the following business courses:

Students may have acquired this background in their undergraduate programs by the completion of courses equivalent in content to UNT's business foundation requirements for the bachelor's degree in business administration. In addition students are required to have a working knowledge of computer-based business tools and at least one course in a programming language (C, COBAL or a similar language).

Program Requirements

Foundation Sequence (12 hours)

Technology Sequence (12 hours)

Technology Management Sequence (12 hours)

Students who have already taken the equivalent of any foundation course will substitute an appropriate course, subject to BCIS department approval.

Master of Science with a Major in Real Estate

The Master of Science with a major in real estate is designed to provide advanced study for current property professionals and for persons interested in developing their skills in this specific area. The program is intended for students desiring a strong concentration in the real estate area. The focus of the program
allows the student to gain considerable expertise in the area in a relatively short period of time. A minimum of 30 hours is required to complete the program. Students may transfer up to 6 hours of successfully completed previous courses with the approval of the department.

Background Requirements

A bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and admission to the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies of the university are needed for graduate standing. Students who do not have a bachelor's degree in a business field from and accredited institution may be required to complete some or all of the following courses as determined by the department:

Degree Requirements

Foundation Courses (12 hours)

Students already possessing competency in the areas marked with an asterisk (*) may select a more advanced course in the area with the approval of the department.

Concentration Courses (18 hours)

Students may be conditionally admitted and take up to 12 hours from the following courses prior to formal admission: FINA 5170, INSU 5730, REAL 5350, REAL 5760 or a concentration elective.

Doctor of Philosophy

Objectives

The doctoral program in business administration is designed to prepare men and women of outstanding ability for careers in teaching and research at the university level. The program has enough flexibility, however, to accommodate individuals whose career objectives lie outside academia. The curriculum is planned to develop a high level of technical and research competence in a specifically defined program area of business administration.

Procedure for Admission

The following documents must be available in the College of Business Administration Director of Doctoral Programs Office by March 1 for consideration for admission for the following summer or fall semester.

1. Complete the application for admission to the School of Graduate Studies and submit it to the School of Graduate Studies.

2. Minimum admission standards to the College of Business Administration Doctor of Philosophy program consist of the following: GPA of the last accredited degree (2.5 minimum) x 200 + GMAT (550 minimum) = 1250 or better; or GPA of the last accredited degree (2.5 minimum) x 200 + GRE (1270 minimum on the combined verbal and quantitative scores only) = 1950 or better. A minimum 40th percentile on the verbal portion is required on both formulas.

3. Provide the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies with an official copy of the score made on either the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), an official copy of the TOEFL score, if required, and official transcripts from all universities previously attended. Any test scores (GMAT, GRE, TOEFL) submitted in support of an application for admission to the College of Business Administration PhD program must have been earned no more than seven years prior to the date sought for admission.

4. Submit a completed Supplementary Information Form to the Director of Doctoral Programs Office, College of Business Administration.

5. Request three individuals (usually university professors) to complete and return a Doctoral Applicant Evaluation Form. These forms may be obtained from the Director of Doctoral Programs Office, College of Business Administration.

For further information concerning the doctoral program in business administration and specific admission requirements, contact the Director of Doctoral Programs Office, College of Business Administration.

Retention Policy for Doctoral Programs in Business Administration

If during any regular (fall or spring) semester a PhD student is not enrolled in any approved course work, the student will be placed on inactive status. After two regular semesters in sequence on inactive status, the student will be removed from the PhD program unless the non-enrollment is approved by the student's department. Students may be removed from the program immediately upon receipt of a letter indicating their intent to withdraw from the program.

Residence Requirement

Every candidate for the PhD degree in the College of Business Administration must complete a minimum residence requirement consisting of two consecutive long semesters (fall and the following spring, or spring and the following fall, or a fall or spring semester and both adjoining summer sessions). A minimum load of 9 semester hours must be scheduled each long semester. During each summer session a minimum load of 9 hours must be completed.

Research Tool Requirement

The doctoral program in business administration requires satisfactory completion of a research tool requirement.

Program Requirements

The doctoral student must select a major field of study in one of the following program areas: accounting, business computer information systems, finance, organizational theory and policy, human resource management, production and operations management, management science or marketing. With the approval of an academic adviser, the student will select courses in a supporting area. These courses may come from more than one business administration program area.

Program requirements are designed to accommodate the career plans and background of the student and, at the same time, meet the specific standards and requirements of the student's program area. Competence achieved, rather than a specific number of hours completed, is the prime criterion; however, a minimum of 69 hours of graduate credit beyond the master's degree or 99 hours beyond the bachelor's degree must be earned.

Students entering the doctoral program after receiving a master's degree will take course work in a major and supporting field totaling at least 33 hours, a research track of 12 hours, a minimum of 12 hours of predissertation research and a dissertation of 12 hours. The predissertation requirement may be met by 12 hours of independent study or a combination of research seminars (6910) and independent study (6940), with a minimum of 6 hours of independent study. The minimum course work consists of the following (69 hours minimum):

The above may include no more than 12 semester hours of 5900, 5910 and 6900 credit prior to pre-dissertation research.

The foundation courses required of all College of Business Administration doctoral students consist of:

The two research tracks consist of 12 hours of course work designed to develop the research capabilities of the student and to prepare the student for conducting research of dissertation quality. The student's choice of track must be approved by the major area PhD coordinator. The two tracks are described below:

1. Research Track I (12 hours): BUSI 6220, Applied Multivariate Statistics I (3 hours); BUSI 6480, Advanced Issues in Research Design (3 hours); BUSI 6240, Applied Multivariate Statistics II (3 hours); and BUSI 6280, Applications in Causal and Covariance Structure Modeling (3 hours).

2. Research Track II (12 hours): ECON 5600, Mathematical Economics (3 hours); ECON 5650, Advanced Econometrics (3 hours); MSCI 6750, Management Science Seminar I (3 hours); and MSCI 6000, Theory and Application of Nonparametric Statistics (3 hours).

Students entering the doctoral program upon completion of a bachelor's degree must complete the MBA core requirements and 12 additional hours in the major and/or supporting field. Completion of course work in calculus at least equivalent to MATH 1190 is required as a deficiency for the PhD program.

The qualifying examination, given upon completion of all course work, is designed to measure attainment of expected levels of knowledge in the major and supporting fields and to determine the student's ability to synthesize information acquired. The examination is both written and oral. Candidates who have taken the qualifying examination may not change their major.

Specific procedural, academic progression and administrative requirements of the doctoral program are listed in the Handbook for Doctoral Students, available in the office of the director of doctoral programs, College of Business Administration. All students, at the time of admission, are responsible for obtaining a copy of the Handbook for Doctoral Students to familiarize themselves with all requirements.

Admission to Candidacy

Admission to candidacy is granted by the dean of the Toulouse School of Graduate Studies after satisfactory completion of the qualifying examination.

Dissertation

Upon admission to candidacy and with the consent of the student's committee, the student will be required to make a formal presentation of the dissertation proposal at an open forum consisting of graduate faculty of the College of Business Administration and other doctoral students.

As a final requirement, each candidate submits a dissertation. Completion of the dissertation requires original and independent research in the major program area. It should reflect not only a mastery of research techniques, but also an ability to identify an important problem for investigation and to design research that permits the formulation of reasonable hypotheses and the drawing of logical conclusions related to the problem identified. A final comprehensive examination, primarily a defense of the dissertation, is scheduled in coordination with the director of doctoral programs and the office of the graduate dean.

Teaching Fellowships

A limited number of teaching fellowships are available to master's degree candidates and qualified doctoral students during the fall and spring semesters. Remuneration varies depending upon qualifications of the graduate student and the nature of the assignment. Application should be made to the chair of the department in which the student is seeking a teaching fellowship.

College of Business Administration Computing Center

Cengiz Kapan, Director, COBA Information and Learning Technologies

The Computing Center of the College of Business Administration is housed in the Business Administration Building and comprises a full-time director, a computer systems manager, two computer support specialist, and an administrative services officer. More than 450 Pentium systems (170 400mhz; the rest are 200mhz and 166 mhz systems) in the Business Administration Building and Curry Hall are networked together with three file servers under a Novell 4.1 operating system. As the number of computers being used in the college and the number of faculty requesting different types of software for their classes has grown,
the need for more support has arisen. The seven student labs are staffed by 48 student monitors, and a technical support team of four upper-division and graduate business students has been established to aid the full-time staff in installations, troubleshooting and working with the faculty and staff when problems or questions arise concerning software or hardware.

Four College of Business Administration student labs are used exclusively by business majors with three other labs also designated as general access labs for all UNT students. They house 250 networked computers and are open 100 hours per week. The labs can be divided into four major areas. The General Access/Applications Labs consist of 90 Pentium-166mhz systems and are designed for the general business students who are required to use the computers. Windows word processing is available for preparation of business assignments. The Mainframe Lab consists of 30 Pentium-166mhz systems and is designed for students taking programming courses in COBOL, SAS or SPSS. These workstations are connected to the IBM R51 mainframe and the DEC VAX systems on campus via the Fiber Backbone. A Remote Output Station attached to this lab has two Hewlett Packard 5SI MX laser printers. The Special Lab comprises 24 Pentium-166 mhz systems and is designed exclusively for students taking senior- or graduate-level classes such as Introduction to Database Applications; Distributed Systems and Teleprocessing; Data Communications and Networking; Information Resource Management; Decision Support Systems; and Data Mining. There are 17 team labs for team projects. The labs, consisting of three computers and six chairs, are located in the Business Building. Five other team rooms are located in Curry Hall. All team labs are for business students only.

Professional Development Institute

L. Paden Neeley, President

The Professional Development Institute (PDI) is a separate, not-for-profit entity benefiting UNT.

PDI hosts national and international seminars and conferences. Profits are returned to the university. PDI offers a comprehensive range of services to professionals. Clients benefit from exposure to the latest educational developments in their fields through diverse curricula designed for both individual and corporate growth. None of PDI's programs are offered for university credit; however, most courses qualify and are approved for Continuing Professional Education (CPE) credit that fulfills appropriate professional requirements.

PDI's areas of specialization include the petroleum industry, professional accounting, taxation, insurance, financial management, personal and professional management, and career enhancement programming. Course content and materials as well as formal texts and training techniques are updated constantly to meet the demand for information and custom programming. Most courses are offered both as public programs and as in-house seminars tailored to meet a company's specific needs.

PDI offers training through specially targeted divisions: Accounting Training, Corporate Training, and Government and Contract Services. Through its public program division, PDI offers training that includes certified financial planning, paralegal certificate and airport management. The Technical Development Center, another one of PDI's active divisions, focuses on engineering technology programming.

PDI is the nation's second largest trainer of accountants. PDI offers a versatile menu of course options for accountants. For more than 25 years, PDI has worked closely with leaders in CPE to offer a complete curriculum for CPAs, as well as other professional accountants. Program topics cover areas such as accounting and auditing, advisory services, management, personal development, specialized knowledge and applications, and taxation.

PDI's corporate division is dedicated to the professional growth of those in the national and international business communities. PDI offers targeted training in management, finance and accounting clusters, as well as a full catalog of other services.

The government and contract services division offers training and professional reviews, as well as career enhancement programs. PDI is also a contract trainer for several government entities, including the Department of Defense, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the IRS and U.S. Customs.

PDI has been known throughout its history as the world's largest provider of oil and gas accounting education. Among world-recognized conferences are the National Oil and Gas Accounting School, the National Accounting and Auditing School for Join Interest Operations, the National Oil and Gas Revenue Accounting School, the North American Petroleum Accounting Conference and the Petroleum Accounting and Environmental Protection Conference.

PDI is the publisher of the popular text Petroleum Accounting Principles, Procedures & Issues, written by Dr. Horace Brock of PDI and Joe Feiten and Dennis Jennings of PriceWaterhouseCoopers.

PDI's Chief Executives Round Table (CERT) has grown steadily since its inception more than 20 years ago. This group, composed of Metroplex senior executive officers, provides a one-of-a-kind opportunity for executive interaction. Meeting monthly for breakfast and dialogue, the members are afforded access to unique and prominent speakers. Other events include an annual retreat.

All of PDI's divisions offer public and in-house training options. Courses are often tailored to meet specific needs of the client seeking training.

Institute of Petroleum Accounting

Teddy L. Coe, COPAS of Dallas/PDI Professor of Accounting and Director

The Institute of Petroleum Accounting is a unique organization funded primarily by companies in the petroleum and mining industries. The institute began operations in September 1980, with three principal objectives:

1. to carry out research and encourage others to carry out research in accounting, finance, taxation and economic problems of the extractive industries;

2. to disseminate information about research activities of the institute and about current developments in accounting, finance, taxation and economic aspects of the extractive industries; and

3. to encourage universities and colleges to become actively involved in educational programs related to the extractive industries.

Scholarships and research fellowships, ranging from $500 to $12,000 per year, are available to students involved in research in the extractive industries.

Courses of Instruction

All Courses of Instruction are located in one section at the back of this catalog.

Course and Subject Guide

The "Course and Subject Guide," found in the Courses of Instruction section of this book, serves as a table of contents and provides quick access to subject areas and prefixes.

Undergraduate Catalog Department of Business Administration

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