members across the university are engaged in research and scholarship
of all forms. These are reports on a few projects currently
under way. For more information on research in the UNT System,
read Resource magazine on the web at www.unt.edu/resource.
by UNT faculty members David J. Molina, left, and R. Todd Jewell
shows that pay inequity on a baseball team may result in losing
shortstop Alex Rodriguezs record $252 million, 10-year salary
may result in future losing seasons for the team, according to R.
Todd Jewell, assistant professor of economics, and David J. Molina,
associate professor of economics.
The professors compared the winning percentages of all the teams
in Major League Baseball with the salaries paid to each player on
the teams, examining data from the 1985 through 2000 seasons. They
concluded that inequity in pay among players on a team with
some players receiving much larger paychecks than the others
hurts team cohesion, which in turn hurts chances for winning games.
Jewell says the data collected for the study implies that a 1 percent
increase in payroll inequality leads to a 0.2 decrease in winning
percentage. An average team with 81 wins in a season would have
to reduce its payroll inequality by 6 percent to have 82 wins, he
ago, most American radio stations were owned by small companies,
with station managers responsible for only one or two stations.
Today, however, one person or corporation may own numerous stations
in a media market, and one person may be responsible for managing
Alan Albarran, chair of the Department of Radio, Television and
Film, and Kenneth Loomis, an assistant professor in the department,
are examining the challenges faced by managers of cluster stations,
or radio station monopolies. Funded by a grant from the National
Association of Broadcasters, Albarran and Loomis conducted interviews
with managers of cluster stations in Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston,
San Antonio and Oklahoma City. The researchers asked about the number
of department heads that report to the station managers and what
percentage of the managers week is spent on reviewing budgets
and financial statements, sales programming, news, and marketing
A survey was developed to mail to managers throughout the United
States. The professors plan to finish their research this year.
to research by UNT students, teens today look for entertainment
at the mall more than for convenience and quality products at
a good price.
at the mall
of teen shoppers at Grapevine Mills Mall conducted by UNT students
found that what most of todays teens want from the mall isnt
anything like what their parents wanted when they were teen-agers.
The study of about 300 people at Grapevine Mills found that todays
teen-agers are looking for excitement and entertainment in the mall,
whereas teens of previous generations, especially baby boomers,
wanted convenience and quality products at a good price. Todays
teens shop for price and convenience, but their main priority is
Youn-Kyung Kim, associate professor of merchandising and hospitality
management, says this trend has changed somewhat because of the
events of Sept. 11, but its only a part of a recurring cycle
affected by times of war and peace. During wartime, stores like
Wal-Mart that sell more need-oriented items prosper while most malls
see a decline.
professor of physics, conducted research at Sandia National Laboratory
in Albuquerque, N.M., this year. With grants totaling more than
$600,000, McDaniel used particle accelerators atom smashers
to study the effect of random cosmic rays that disrupt the
operation of computers. The research of McDaniel and UNT students
simulates this occurrence, called a single event upset, and proposes
materials that have the potential to shield electronic integrated
circuits from this type of radiation.
Center for Play Therapy has developed an innovative approach to
helping mothers and children in the 3 to 4 million American families
who are caught up in the vicious cycle of family violence each year
and must flee to the protection of a shelter.
CPR for Parents (Child-Parent Relationship training), a 10-session
model developed by Garry Landreth, Regents Professor of counseling,
development and higher education and director of the Center for
Play Therapy, trains parents in the basic child-centered play therapy
skills usually reserved for professional counselors, psychologists
and social workers.
Landreth and Nancy Smith, a UNT doctoral student, directed a research
project that trained mothers in domestic violence shelters in the
Dallas-Fort Worth area to conduct special child-centered play sessions
with their children each day for 12 days. At the end of that period,
there was a significant improvement in the childrens self-concepts
and a significant reduction in their withdrawn, anxious, depressed,
aggressive and delinquent behaviors as compared to a non-treatment
One of the encouraging conclusions of the study, the researchers
say, is that parents, even in the most stressful of circumstances,
are capable of learning how to become emotionally helpful to their
Winter Olympics may have left the impression that figure skating
is a hopelessly unfair competition, but a study by Randall Guttery,
associate professor of real estate, says differently.
Guttery and James Sfiridis, associate professor of finance at the
University of Connecticut, studied 7,266 cardinal scores in five
Winter Olympic and World Championship pairs, mens and womens
competitions from 1982 to 1994. They found that while judges were
biased in their scoring, the current system used by the International
Skating Union actually balanced itself out.
into the sun
(right), Regents Professor of chemistry, has been awarded the Air
Force Summer Faculty Fellowship, administered by the National Research
Council. Schwartz is conducting research at Wright Patterson Air
Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. He is using organic polymers as a new
type of material that promises to conduct electricity more efficiently
than traditional metallic conductors. The ultimate goal of Schwartzs
research is to use these polymers as converters in transforming
sunlight into electrical energy.